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Further exploration into the infant’s mind: Early memory, individual differences and electrophysiological correlates
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Utvecklingspsykologi och IHV)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5025-9975
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Utvecklingspsykologi och IHV)
Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
2011 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Deferred imitation is an established method used to study how several cognitive processes evolve during early infancy: Imitation, event-like memory and intentional understanding. In addition, deferred imitation has also been linked to early individual differences, which is the main aim of the current presentation: To further explore early individual differences as reflected by deferred imitation performance. Three strands of information that has come out of our Swedish research program will be presented. Firstly, published studies from our lab have demonstrated that deferred imitation observed between 9 and 14 months acts as an early marker of cognitive performance observed years later. Second, new observations show that electrophysiological (ERP) indices of associative learning is strongly related to memory as measured by deferred imitation at 14 months. The ERP procedure consisted of a learning phase  (several pairs of pictures were presented) and a test phase introducing two violations (a new association or a completely new picture). Larger Nc change scores (learning phase compared with the test phase) correlated strongly (rs = .57) with deferred imitation. Thirdly, some preliminary findings from an ongoing longitudinal study observing memory, imitation and intentional understanding in 9 to 16 months old children will be presented. It is our hypotheses that the cognitive processes captured by deferred imitation observed early will be linked to individual differences intentional understanding observed when the child is 16 months old. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Memory, Infancy, Imitation, ERP
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80772OAI: diva2:548179
15th European Conference in Developmental Psychology, Bergen, Norway, Aug 23-27
Långtidsminne hos små barn: Individuella skillnader och elektrofysiologiska korrelat
FAS, Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, 2006-1040
Available from: 2012-08-29 Created: 2012-08-29 Last updated: 2013-09-12

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Heimann, MikaelNordqvist, Emelie
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