liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Neonatal imitation of tongue protrusion and mouth opening: Methodological aspects and evidence of early individual differences
Pennsylvania State University. (Psykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5025-9975
Pennsylvania State University.
Götebors Universitet.
1989 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 30, no 2, 90-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present work examines imitation of mouth opening and tongue protrusion in 32 full-terminfants at three different occasions: When the infants are two to three days, three weeks. andthree months old. The analysis focuses (1) on individual differences in imitative behaviourand (2) on how to operationalize the infants' responses. The overall group analysis revealedthat imitation of tongue protrusion was statistically significant for both two- to three-day-oldand three-week-old infants but not when the children had become three months old. Nostatistically significant effect was observed for imitation of mouth opening. Two differentimitation indexes were constructed in order to assess individual differences in early imitativebehaviour. Results show that short-term stability in imitative tendencies cxists between thefirst and second observation. The results further reveal that methodological factors must beseriously considered when studying neonatal imitation: the overall imitation found for tongueprotrusion is demonstrated to be dependent on how the infants' responses are coded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1989. Vol. 30, no 2, 90-101 p.
Keyword [en]
infants, imitation, methodology, mouth opening, tongue protrusion
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80875DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.1989.tb01072.xOAI: diva2:548890
Available from: 2012-09-02 Created: 2012-09-02 Last updated: 2013-09-12

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Heimann, Mikael
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 75 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link