Alterations in occlusion and maxillary dental arch dimensions in adults with treated unilateral complete cleft lip and palate
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The purpose of this stndy was to evaluate the occlusion and maxillary dental arch dimensions in adults with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and to investigate the patterns of change in early adulthood. Study models from 39 subjects (25 men, 14 women) (mean age 24.7 years, range 20.2-29.3) with the diagnosis complete UCLP taken at a follow-up examination were analysed and compared with the study models taken at baseline examination (mean age 19.1 years, range 16.0-20.6). Lip closure was made according to the Millard technique and palatal closure according to the Wardill-Kilner technique. All subjects had received orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the type of retention in the upper jaw: no retention (n = 15), retention with bonded twisted retainer (n = 13), onlay or fixed bridge (n = 11).
Occlusion was evaluated according to a scoring system (Huddart and Bodenham, 1972). The maxillary dental arch dimensions were measured with a video imaging system. In the total sample there was a significant deterioration in the total occlusal score during the follow-up period. The impairment was larger on the cleft side than on the non-cleft side. There were no significant differences in the frontal scores. A comparison of the transversal and sagittal maxillary arch dimensions revealed significant differences in all measurements during the follow-up interval. The reduction was largest for the maxillary second premolar width, followed by the first molar width. The oveijet differed significantly between the registrations. The occlusal score and the maxillary arch dimensions were reduced in all of the three subgroups, but there were no differences between the groups. No gender differences were found.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81068DiVA: diva2:550120