Unfavourable Working Conditions for Female GPs: A Comparison between Swedish General Practitioners and District Nurses
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate gender and occupational differences in the psychosocial work environment among general practitioners (GPs) and district nurses (DNs) in Sweden.
Design: A stratified random sample of general practitioners (n = 566) and district nurses (n= 554) from four county councils in Sweden was selected. The overall participation rate was 83%. A mailed questionnaire including ten items of demographic and work sites characteristics, and 36 items of psychosocial working conditions was used. The questionnaire had been tested concerning validity and reliability. A factor analysis gave five factors: strains and symptoms, professional content, social support at work, workload, and job control.
Results: In total, professional content was the most positively experienced aspect whereas workload was the most negatively. The GPs perceived a higher workload and fewer opportunities to social support at work compared with the DNs. The female GPs scored significantly more unfavourable than both male GPs and female DNs did in four out of the five factors. The female GPs reported a high workload, low job control and fewer opportunities to social support at work. The female DNs also reported a high workload, relatively low job control but a rather strong social support at work.
Conclusion: Female GPs perceive more unfavourable psychosocial working conditions compared with both male GPs and female DNs in the same organisational setting.
psychosocial working conditions, primary care, general practitioners, district nurses, females
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81081DiVA: diva2:550270