Heterogeneous blood flow response in the foot on dependency, assessed by laser Doppler perfusion imaging
1997 (English)In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 159, no 2, 101-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The exact nature of the decrease in foot skin blood flow seen after a change in posture remains unsettled. This mechanism has previously been examined by non-invasive techniques such as the laser Doppler perfusion monitor (laser Doppler flowmetry). Taking into account the shortcomings of laser Doppler perfusion monitoring when applied to the determination of skin blood flow, which normally shows substantial heterogeneity, we have applied an emerging technology, the laser Doppler perfusion imager (LDPI). This technique provides a more comprehensive picture of the blood flow distribution in the skin, as it maps skin blood flow over a surface area (120×120 mm, 4096 measurement sites). It was used to examine if the reduction in tissue perfusion or the alterations in flow distributions seen after a change in posture (supine to dependency) could be fully explained by an increase in venous pressure (venous stasis of 50 mmHg) or if the data suggest a complementary mechanism.
Skin blood flow of the forefoot decreased from 0.60 V (volt) (median) during rest to 0.40 and 0.38 V during venous stasis and dependency, respectively. Although almost identical median values were obtained during stasis and dependency, the flow distributions were different, with a loss of high flow values during venous stasis. Biological zero was 0.24 V.
As the LDPI technique readily records skin perfusion during variations in venous stasis and posture, as well as information on flow distribution changes, it appears promising for future application in stimuli-response studies of skin blood flow. The difference in flow distribution seen between increased venous pressure and dependency suggests an additive regulatory mechanism to the veni-vasomotor reflex during a change in posture.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 159, no 2, 101-106 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81118DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.1997.587345000.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81118DiVA: diva2:550605