Mortality after elective and emergency surgery for inguinal and femoral hernia
1999 (English)In: Hernia, ISSN 1265-4906, E-ISSN 1248-9294, Vol. 3, no 4, 205-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to investigate mortality following elective and emergency groin hernia surgery. Information concerning 17 591 inguinal and 579 femoral hernia operations, including death of patients within 30 days of surgery, were prospectively recorded in the Swedish Hernia Register over a period of six years. Elective surgery for groin hernia is known to be a low-risk procedure. Mortality within 30 days of surgery was compared with the mortality of the general Swedish population using the standard mortality rate (SMR). Of all inguinal and femoral hernia repairs 5.1 % and 35.2 % respectively, were performed as an emergency. Following elective inguinal hernia repair the SMR for men fell significantly below unity. No significant differences between observed and expected mortality were observed following inguinal hernia surgery on females or following elective femoral hernia surgery on either gender. The reduced SMR found after elective hernia repair in men is most likely attributable to patient selection. After elective surgery on patients 70 years or older there is a tendency towards a reduction in SMR of the same order of size as for patients analysed as one group which, however, did not reach statistical significance. Mortality following both inguinal and femoral emergency procedures is increased five- to ten-fold compared to the 30-day mortality in the general population. A further increase in postoperative mortality is noted following emergency surgery with bowel resection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 3, no 4, 205-208 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81233DOI: 10.1007/BF01194428OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81233DiVA: diva2:551103