In the Middle of Everywhere: Intermediary Organizations and Entrepreneurs
2011 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Experience and research have shown that there are organizations existing in society, with specific characteristics, that function as middle-hands between organizations with very differing purposes. These, so called, “intermediary” organizations seem to inhabit the knowledge and power needed to mediate between other organizations, initiating new organizations and shaping entrepreneurship in various branches. In this paper, the authors have, through a literature review, focused on understanding how entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship may be linked to the intermediary organization phenomenon. At least 21 types of intermediary organizations was found and put in a typology defining in which sector they are active in, either the private or the public sector, both for-profit and not-for profit. Further, our research show that entrepreneurship and intermediary organizations can be understood as intertwined, in fact, entrepreneurship and intermediary organizations sometimes appear as the same thing. Creators of intermediary organizations (entrepreneurs) have once noticed a gap that may be filled, either by creating a new product or a service that might solve a perceived “problem”. Such a knowledge asymmetry may be taken care of by people who start new organizations, thus entrepreneurs, as some researchers define this. In the same way intermediary organizations cover knowledge asymmetries and contribute to the creation of a “seamless” flow of knowledge between organizations or sectors. Social entrepreneurs, for instance, combine goals and values from both private and public sector, further making them intermediary entrepreneurs. Moreover, if entrepreneurship is viewed as start-ups of new organizations, intermediary organizations have been through this very entrepreneurial process at one stage. Further, we see that there are intermediary organizations functioning as promoters of entrepreneurial activities, either implicitly not having this as its primary goal (clusters) or explicitly, by having this as its primary goal (entrepreneurship incubators).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Entrepreneur/ship, Cluster, Intermediary organization, Public- and private sector
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81284DiVA: diva2:551312
27th EGOS Colloquium, Reassembling Organizations, July 6 –9, 2011 in Gothenburg, Sweden