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Using self-employment as proxy for entrepreneurship: some empirical caveats
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden..
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, Vol. 17, no 3, 290-303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on entrepreneurship has received an increased amount of interest in recent years, with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for "entrepreneurship" in empirical studies. However, there are various ways of defining selfemployment, making it a somewhat dubious proxy. This may flaw the analysis, especially in cross-country studies, since the documentation of data often is insufficient and difficult to access due to language barriers. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data. We show that the measurement of self-employment has changed over time to noticeably affect the reported number of self-employed in the two major statistical sources on self-employment. The reported development of self-employment sometimes differs diametrically depending on source. Sweden is occasionally erroneously reported to show the largest increase in selfemployment in cross-country studies. Our study mimics the results of other country-specific analyses and we conclude that well-grounded conclusions require that the advantages and disadvantages of different statistical sources are recognized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 17, no 3, 290-303 p.
Keyword [en]
Labour Force Survey; LFS; self-employed; self-employment; entrepreneurship; RAMS; global entrepreneurship index; GEINDEX; high impact entrepreneurship; COMParative ENtrepreneurship Data for International Analysis; COMPENDIA; Sweden
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81619DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2012.049578OAI: diva2:553353
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2013-10-31
In thesis
1. Family Matters: Essays on Family Firms and Employment Protection
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family Matters: Essays on Family Firms and Employment Protection
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is a study of firm dynamics, family ownership, and employment protection. It addresses the implications of employment protection on firm productivity and how family owned firms react differently with regard to economic shocks. It also investigates whether family ownership matters for the probability of exhibiting high growth. By using a novel data identification strategy, family ownership is identified in full population register data. The thesis also highlights some important caveats in the official statistics on self-employment.

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling behandlar företagsdynamik, familjeägande och anställningsskydd. I avhandlingen analyseras anställningsskyddet och hur det påverkar företagens produktivitet, samt hur familjeägda företag reagerar på chocker inom industrin. I avhandlingen analyseras också hur familjeägande påverkar sannolikheten för ett företag att uppnå en hög tillväxttakt. Genom att kombinera olika statistikkällor kan samtliga familjeföretag i den den svenska företagspopulationen identifieras. Avhandlingen belyser också några av de problem som finns i den officiella statistiken över egenföretagare. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 35 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 592
Family firms, employment protection, firm dynamics, high-growth firms, Familjeföretag, anställningsskydd, företagsdynamik, snabbväxande företag
National Category
Economics and Business Economics Business Administration
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100156 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-100156 (DOI)978-91-7519-495-0 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-11-29, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-10-30 Created: 2013-10-30 Last updated: 2015-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
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