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Qualitative interviews versus standardised self-report questionnaires in assessing qualityb of life in heart transplant recipients
University of Toronto, Canada. (Multi-organ research group, University Hospital Network, Toronto)
University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada.
University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada.
Bloorview Research Institute, Bloorview Kids Rehab, Canada.
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2011 (English)In: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, ISSN 1053-2498, Vol. 30, no 8, 963-966 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quality of life (QoL) studies in heart transplant recipients (HTRs) using validated, quantitative, self-report questionnaires have reported poor QoL in approximately 20% of patients. This consecutive mixed methods study compared self-report questionnaires, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) and the Atkinson Life Satisfaction Scale, with phenomenologically informed audiovisual (AV) qualitative interview data in 27 medically stable HTRs (70% male; age 53 ± 13.77 years; time since transplant 4.06 ± 2.42 years). Self-report questionnaire data reported poor QoL and more distress compared with previous studies and normative population samples; in contrast, 52% of HTRs displayed pervasive distress according to visual methodology. Using qualitative methods to assess QoL yields information that would otherwise remain unobserved by the exclusive use of quantitative QOL questionnaires.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 30, no 8, 963-966 p.
Keyword [en]
quality of life; qualitative interviews; transplantation; phenomenology; audio-visual methodology
National Category
Other Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81688DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2011.03.017PubMedID: 21531580OAI: diva2:555685
Available from: 2012-09-21 Created: 2012-09-20 Last updated: 2014-02-07

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Shildrick, Margrit
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