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Globally Optimal Displacement Fields Using Local Tensor Metric
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Informatics. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Medical Image Processing)
Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Informatics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Medical Image Processing)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0908-9470
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Informatics. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Medical Image Processing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9091-4724
2012 (English)In: Image Processing (ICIP), 2012 19th IEEE International Conference on, 2012, 2957-2960 p.Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm for regularizing displacement fields in image registration. The method uses the local structure tensor and gradients of the displacement field to impose a local metric, which is then used optimizing a global cost function. The method allows for linear operators, such as tensors and differential operators modeling the underlying physical anatomy of the human body in medical images. The algorithm is tested using output from the Morphon image registration algorithm on MRI data as well as synthetic test data and the result is compared to the initial displacement field. The results clearly demonstrate the power of the method and the unique features brought forth through the global optimization approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 2957-2960 p.
Keyword [en]
Image Processing, Image Registration, Regularization, Optimization, Tensor
National Category
Medical Image Processing Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-81947DOI: 10.1109/ICIP.2012.6467520ISBN: 978-1-4673-2534-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-81947DiVA: diva2:556770
Conference
2012 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, September 30 - October 3, 2012, Orlando, Florida, USA
Projects
Dynamic Context Atlases for Image Denoising and Patient Safety
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-5176Swedish Research Council, 2007-4786
Available from: 2012-09-26 Created: 2012-09-26 Last updated: 2015-04-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Robust Image Registration for Improved Clinical Efficiency: Using Local Structure Analysis and Model-Based Processing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Robust Image Registration for Improved Clinical Efficiency: Using Local Structure Analysis and Model-Based Processing
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Medical imaging plays an increasingly important role in modern healthcare. In medical imaging, it is often relevant to relate different images to each other, something which can prove challenging, since there rarely exists a pre-defined mapping between the pixels in different images. Hence, there is a need to find such a mapping/transformation, a procedure known as image registration. Over the years, image registration has been proved useful in a number of clinical situations. Despite this, current use of image registration in clinical practice is rather limited, typically only used for image fusion. The limited use is, to a large extent, caused by excessive computation times, lack of established validation methods/metrics and a general skepticism toward the trustworthiness of the estimated transformations in deformable image registration.

This thesis aims to overcome some of the issues limiting the use of image registration, by proposing a set of technical contributions and two clinical applications targeted at improved clinical efficiency. The contributions are made in the context of a generic framework for non-parametric image registration and using an image registration method known as the Morphon. 

In image registration, regularization of the estimated transformation forms an integral part in controlling the registration process, and in this thesis, two regularizers are proposed and their applicability demonstrated. Although the regularizers are similar in that they rely on local structure analysis, they differ in regard to implementation, where one is implemented as applying a set of filter kernels, and where the other is implemented as solving a global optimization problem. Furthermore, it is proposed to use a set of quadrature filters with parallel scales when estimating the phase-difference, driving the registration. A proposal that brings both accuracy and robustness to the registration process, as shown on a set of challenging image sequences. Computational complexity, in general, is addressed by porting the employed Morphon algorithm to the GPU, by which a performance improvement of 38-44x is achieved, when compared to a single-threaded CPU implementation.

The suggested clinical applications are based upon the concept paint on priors, which was formulated in conjunction with the initial presentation of the Morphon, and which denotes the notion of assigning a model a set of properties (local operators), guiding the registration process. In this thesis, this is taken one step further, in which properties of a model are assigned to the patient data after completed registration. Based upon this, an application using the concept of anatomical transfer functions is presented, in which different organs can be visualized with separate transfer functions. This has been implemented for both 2D slice visualization and 3D volume rendering. A second application is proposed, in which landmarks, relevant for determining various measures describing the anatomy, are transferred to the patient data. In particular, this is applied to idiopathic scoliosis and used to obtain various measures relevant for assessing spinal deformity. In addition, a data analysis scheme is proposed, useful for quantifying the linear dependence between the different measures used to describe spinal deformities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 120 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1514
Keyword
Image registration, deformable models, scoliosis, visualization, volume rendering, adaptive regularization, GPGPU, CUDA
National Category
Medical Image Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91116 (URN)978-91-7519-637-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-05-31, Eken, Campus US, Linköping University, Linköping, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2007-4786
Available from: 2013-05-08 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved
2. A Global Linear Optimization Framework for Adaptive Filtering and Image Registration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Global Linear Optimization Framework for Adaptive Filtering and Image Registration
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Digital medical atlases can contain anatomical information which is valuable for medical doctors in diagnosing and treating illnesses. The increased availability of such atlases has created an interest for computer algorithms which are capable of integrating such atlas information into patient specific dataprocessing. The field of medical image registration aim at calculating how to match one medical image to another. Here the atlas information could give important hints of which kinds of motion are plausible in different locations of the anatomy. Being able to incorporate such atlas specific information could potentially improve the matching of images and plausibility of image registration - ultimately providing a more correct information on which to base health care diagnosis and treatment decisions.

In this licentiate thesis a generic signal processing framework is derived : Global Linear Optimization (GLO). The power of the GLO framework is first demonstrated quantitatively in a very high performing image denoiser. Important proofs of concepts are then made deriving and implementing three important capabilities regarding adaptive filtering of vector fields in medica limage registration:

  1. Global regularization with local anisotropic certainty metric.
  2. Allowing sliding motion along organ and tissue boundaries.
  3. Enforcing an incompressible motion in specific areas or volumes.

In the three publications included in this thesis, the GLO framework is shown to be able to incorporate one each of these capabilities. In the third and final paper a demonstration is made how to integrate more and more of the capabilities above into the same GLO to perform adaptive processing on relevant clinical data. It is shown how each added capability improves the result of the image registration. In the end of the thesis there is a discussion which highlights the advantage of the contributions made as compared to previous methods in the scientific literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 61 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1711
Keyword
Global Linear Optimization, Linear Optimization, Regularization, Medical Image Registration, Structure Tensor
National Category
Medical Image Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117024 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-117024 (DOI)978-91-7519-108-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-05-07, IMT1, plan 13, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 15:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Dynamic Context Atlases for Image Denoising and Patient Safety
Funder
Linnaeus research environment CADICSSwedish Research Council, 2011-5176
Available from: 2015-04-17 Created: 2015-04-10 Last updated: 2015-04-20Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, GustafForsberg, DanielKnutsson, Hans

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