Initial Oxidation of Cu(hkl) Surfaces Vicinal to Cu(111): A High-Throughput Study of Structure Sensitivity
2012 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 116, no 30, 16054-16062 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The initial stage in the oxidation of Cu single crystal surfaces has been studied on a surface structure spread single crystal ((SC)-C-4) exposing a continuous distribution of all Cu(hkl) surface orientations lying within 10 degrees polar angle of the (111) plane, Cu(111)+/- 10 degrees-(SC)-C-4. The uptake of oxygen across the Cu(111) +/- 10 degrees-(SC)-C-4 during exposure to O-2 at 300 K has been measured using spatially resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the resulting Cu2O surface oxide layer has been imaged using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Uptake of oxygen is dependent on surface step density and increases with increasing polar angle relative to the (111) pole. In contrast, the oxygen uptake does not depend on the crystallographic orientation of the step edge or, in other words, the kink density along the step edge. STM images reveal that once oxidation of the step edges begins, all of the boundaries of the Cu2O step oxide layer are oriented along (100) step edges in the Cu(111) terrace independent of the initial orientation of the step. In other words, the oxidizing step edges have no memory of their original orientation, and thus, the step growth depends only on step density and not on the kink density along the step edge. The combined use of both spatially resolved XPS and atomic scale imaging with STM on a Cu(111) +/- 10 degrees-(SC)-C-4 has provided unique insight into the origins of structure-sensitive surface chemistry.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2012. Vol. 116, no 30, 16054-16062 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-82069DOI: 10.1021/jp303488tISI: 000306989500023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-82069DiVA: diva2:557728
Funding Agencies|NSF|CHE-1012358|Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, an agency of the United States Government||URS Energy & Construction, Inc.||2012-09-282012-09-282014-02-02