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Analysis on Microstructural Evolution of PtAl Diffusion Coating on Ni-based Superalloy Influenced by Creep Process
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång.
Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspång.
2012 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The microstructural evolution of PtAl diffusion coating on a nickel-base superalloy IN792 was studied to assess the influence of high temperature (850 °C and 950 °C) and static creep loading conditions. The chemical composition analysis by EDS reveals that local enrichment of Cr, W and Mo is responsible for the formation of σ, Cr-α and μ/R particles in the different characteristic zones in the PtAl coating. Being taken as an approach to describe the coating’s microstructure evolution, a so-called Effective Coating Thickness (ECT) is defined and was measured for different creep conditions. It is found that the value of ECT is controlled by the inward diffusion of Al and Pt, being demonstrated by the existence of a linear correlation between ECT and $\sqrt{D^A^l x {t}}{(D^A^l:}$ diffusion coefficient of Al in substrate; t: diffusion time). Simulated ECT development of the PtAl diffusion coating agrees well with the experimental results at 850 °C and 950 °C.

2012.
Keyword [en]
Creep, PtAl diffusion coating, IN792, microstructural evolution
National Category
Engineering and Technology Materials Engineering
Identifiers
OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-84300DiVA: diva2:558619
Conference
The 4th Conference on the Integrity of High Temperature Welds & 9th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue, September 25-27 2012, London, UK
Available from: 2012-10-04 Created: 2012-10-04 Last updated: 2013-03-14
In thesis
1. Thermal and Mechanical Behaviors of High Temperature Coatings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thermal and Mechanical Behaviors of High Temperature Coatings
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With superior oxidation and corrosion resistance, metallic coatings (i.e. diffusion coatings and MCrAlX coatings) are widely used to protect hot components made of superalloys in turbine engines. Two issues are critically important for the coating at high temperatures: thermal property related to oxidation/corrosion behavior and microstructure stability, and mechanical properties (e.g. creep and fatigue). The aim of this project is to develop better understanding of the thermal and mechanical behaviors of metallic coatings on superalloys and to improve the accuracy of prediction of their lifetime by thermodynamic modeling. The present work includes an investigation on the oxidation behavior of MCrAlX coating with a new lifetimeprediction model and a study on the influence of diffusion coatings on creep and fatigue behaviors of the superalloy IN792.

Experiments on isothermal and thermal cycling oxidation were designed to investigate the oxidation behavior of a HVOF CoNiCrAlYSi coating on superalloy IN792. It is found that the oxidation behaviors of the coating are related to its thermodynamic property. A diffusion model has been established using the homogenization models in the DICTRA software and taking into consideration of the influence of surface oxidation, coating-substrate interdiffusion and diffusion blocking effect caused by internal voids and oxides. The simulation results show an improved accuracy of lifetime prediction by introducing the diffusion blocking effect.

Microstructural evolution during creep process at high temperatures was studied in different diffusion coatings (NiAl and PtAl). It is found that the inward diffusion of aluminum controls the thickening rate of the diffusion coatings. The developed coatings displayed two types of mechanical behavior - being easily plasticized or cracked - dependent on temperature and type of coating, and therefore could be considered as non-load carrying material during creep test. The influence of cracking of PtAl coating on the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) behavior of the IN792 was also investigated. The results show that precracking of the coating prior to the fatigue test has little influence on the fatigue limit of specimens with thin coating (50 μm) but lowers the fatigue limit of specimens with thick coating (70 μm). The through-coating crack has enough mobility to penetrate into the substrate and causes fatigue failure only when the driving force for crack propagation is increased above a critical value due to a higher applied stress or a larger crack length (thicker coating).

Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1569
National Category
Engineering and Technology Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89500 (URN)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:3 (Local ID)978-91-7519-708-1 (Print) (ISBN)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:3 (Archive number)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:3 (OAI)
Note

Som minor changes has been done in the electronic version compared to the printed version such as acknowledgement among others.

Available from: 2013-03-14 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2013-03-15Bibliographically approved

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