Complement- and IgG-mediated phagocytosis in human macrophages in calcium dependent and involves synoptotagmin IV
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Calcium regulates membrane fusion events during phagolysosome formation in neutrophil granulocytes and vesicle fusion at the neural synapse. Calcium is also required for uptake of IgG-opsonised particles by human neutrophils. The role of calcium during macrophage phagocytosis is less clear. Here we show that phagocytosis of IgG- or serum-opsonised prey is strictly calcium dependent in human monocyte-derived macrophages. We also show the presence and involvement of synaptotagmin II and IV in human macrophages and in the murine macrophage cell line J774. Synaptotagmin IV displayed a granular distribution in resting human macrophages with some translocation to the plasma membrane. Synaptotagrnin IV did not eo localise with the nucleus, the endoplasmic reticulum or the Golgi apparatus. During phagocytosis of IgG- or serum-opsonised prey we observed a distinct, transient translocation of synaptotagmin IV to the phagosome. The kinnetics of synaptotagmin IV translocation was similar to Rab5. LAMP-1, a marker of late endosomes and mature phagolysosomes fused with the phagosome at a later time point. Our results show that complement- and IgG-mediated phagocytosis are dependent on calcium in human macrophages and indicate a role for synaptotagmin IV in the calcium dependent fusion of the phagosome with components of the early endocytic pathway.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-84708DiVA: diva2:561235