Insulin Signaling in Type 2 Diabetes: Experimental and Modeling Analyses Reveal Mechanisms of Insulin Resistance in Human Adipocytes
2013 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 288, no 14, 9867-9880 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Type 2 diabetes originates in an expanding adipose tissue that for unknown reasons becomes insulin resistant. Insulin resistance reflects impairments in insulin signaling, but mechanisms involved are unclear because current research is fragmented. We report a systems-level mechanistic understanding of insulin resistance in humans. We developed a dynamic mathematical model of insulin signaling – normally and in diabetes – based on quantitative steady-state and dynamic time-course data on signaling intermediaries in human mature adipocytes. At the core of insulin resistance is attenuation of a positive feedback from mammalian target of rapamycin in complex with raptor (mTORC1) to the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1), which explains reduced sensitivity and signal strength throughout the signaling network. We demonstrate the potential of the model for identification of drug targets, e.g. increasing the feedback restores insulin signaling. Our findings suggest that insulin resistance in an expanded adipose tissue results from cell growth restriction to prevent cell necrosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 288, no 14, 9867-9880 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84999DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.432062ISI: 000317114000027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-84999DiVA: diva2:563486