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XML-based frameworks for internet commerce
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2001 (English)In: Enterprise Information Systems II / [ed] B. Sharp, Joaquim Filipe, José Cordeiro, 2001, 197-202 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

XML-based frameworks or industry standards for Internet Commerce are rapidly launched and changed. The contribution of this paper is to increase the understanding and facilitate comparison and evaluation of the most commonly referred frameworks. The paper provides a survey of the architecture and message definition of BizTalk, cXML, eCo Framework, ICE (Information and Content Exchange), IOTP (Internet Open Trading Protocol), OAG (Open Applications Group), RosettaNet, xCBL, ebXML and The relationships between these frameworks are cooperative and competitive and thus the merger and change are unavoidable. At present eCo Framework and xCBL are tightly cooperative and supported by others. The competing initiative is centered around Microsoft's BizTalk, supported by cXML and OAG. The future will probably see closer cooperation to make formats compatible. Microsoft is both promoting BizTalk and is a member of eCo Framework.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. 197-202 p.
Keyword [en]
XML, Framework, Industry Standard, E-Commerce, Internet Commerce
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85537ISBN: 0-7923-7177-1OAI: diva2:571372
International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems (ICEIS), Stafford, the Uk, Jul 5-7, 2000
Available from: 2012-11-22 Created: 2012-11-22 Last updated: 2012-11-22
In thesis
1. Standards-based application integration for business-to-business communications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Standards-based application integration for business-to-business communications
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Fierce competitions and pursuits of excellence require all applications, internal or external, to be integrated for business-to-business communications. Standards play an important role in fulfilling the requirement. This dissertation focuses on Business-to-Business standards or XML-based frameworks for Internet commerce

First, we analyze what the standards are and how they interact. Fifteen influential standards are selected: eCo Framework, ebXML, UBL, UDDI, SOAP, WSDL, RosettaNet, Open Applications Group, VoiceXML, cXML, Wf-XML, OFX, ICE, RDF, and OWL. Basically each standard has to provide transport mechanisms and message structures for general and/or specific applications. In terms of message structure definition, they can be classified as two types: syntax-based, for defining messages syntactically and semantics-based, like RDF and OWL for defining messages semantically.

Second, for transiting from syntax to semantics, we provide a reuse-based method to develop the ontology by reusing existing XML-based standards. This is a kind of knowledge reuse, for instance, using previously developed structures, naming conventions and relationships between concepts.

Third, we exploit how to use these standards. We propose an approach that combines RDF and OWL with SOAP for building semantic Web services. Three levels of combinations are provided: Simple Reference, Direct Embedment, and Semantic SOAP.

Fourth, we design an infrastructure aimed at creating a formal channel by using Web services and semantic Web for establishing buyer awareness, i.e., buyers first become aware of products/promotions offered by sellers. We propose the concept of personal ontology, emphasizing that ontology is not only a common and shared conceptualization but also can be used to specify personal views of the products by sellers and buyers. The agreements between buyers and sellers can be described in XML schema or ontology in OWL. A semantic matchmaking algorithm is designed and implemented considering synonym, polysemy and partial matching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2005. 97 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 986
Internetprogramming, Electronic ceommerce
National Category
Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-33071 (URN)19039 (Local ID)91-85457-66-3 (ISBN)19039 (Archive number)19039 (OAI)
Public defence
2005-11-25, Visionen, hus B, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2012-11-22

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