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How do children overcome difficulties talking about sexual abuse
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1588-135X
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aim of this study was to identify and describe the obstacles that can prevent children from talking about sexual abuse in a police interview. Data consisted of 28 investigative interviews with children and 12 police interrogations with non-offending parents. The children in these situations were between 8 and 15 years of age when they were interviewed. Data interpretation and analysis were based on content analysis. The following categories were identified: not being believed/telling the truth, need of support and dependence on adults, guilt and shame, fear, and spatial- and time-oriented.

Keyword [en]
Child sexual abuse, legal process, directed content analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-85552DiVA: diva2:571566
Available from: 2012-11-23 Created: 2012-11-23 Last updated: 2013-09-12
In thesis
1. The Legal Process in Child Sexual Abuse: Difficulties in confirming evidence and providing support
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Legal Process in Child Sexual Abuse: Difficulties in confirming evidence and providing support
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis was to study the situation of such children in the legal process. In depth-interviews were carried out on ten children aged 8-18 years old. The interviews focused on the children´s experiences and perceptions of meeting with various professionals in the legal process. In-depth interviews were also conducted with nine parents of children who had been sexually abused and who had entered into a legal process. Parents described how they experienced the situation for their children as victims, but also their experiences as parents whose children participated in a legal process. Seven prosecutors with experience of cases where children were plaintiffs were also interviewed in this study.

The interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). This is an appropriate method to explore the participants´ life-world/personal-world and the individuals´ personal perceptions of objects or events, as opposed to an attempt to produce an objective account. In the first study (study I) on the children, five major themes emerged through the analysis: not being believed, making child sexual abuse visible, need for support, sanctions for offenders and lack of respect for the child´s integrity. Almost all of the children had a feeling of not being believed.

In the study (study II) on the parents, three superordinate themes emerged from an analysis of the data: stigmatization, need for support in the parental role and transforming consequences to reality.

Three themes emerged from prosecutors study (study III) difficulties with the evidence of crime, children´s special needs and children´s dependence on adults. The informants´ descriptions of how they perceived the children in the legal process were associated with their experience of the difficulty of finding proof of the crime.

The aim of study IV was to identify and describe the obstacles that can prevent children from talking about sexual abuse in a police interview. Data consisted of 28 investigative interviews with children and 12 police interrogations with non-offending parents. Data interpretation and analysis were based on content analysis. The following categories were identified: not being believed/telling the truth, need for support and dependence on adults, guilt and shame, fear and difficulty in spatial and temporal characterization.

The main conclusion of the thesis is that there are difficulties in confirming evidence when children who have suffered sexual abuse are involved in a legal process. It is also concluded that there is an absence of models with the aim to support children and parents going through the process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. 46 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1338
Keyword
Child sexual abuse, legal process
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85553 (URN)978-­91-­7519-­772-­2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-12-07, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-23 Created: 2012-11-23 Last updated: 2015-06-05Bibliographically approved

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Back, ChristinaGustafsson, Per A.Berterö, Carina

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Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Health SciencesChild and Adolescent PsychiatryDepartment of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryNursing Science
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