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Utilization of industrial CO2 emissions by matching the supply and demand potential within industrial collaboration/symbiosis in a Swedish region
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A substantial amount of research is being done on environmental problems spotlighting climate change, ozone depletion and global warming caused by greenhouse gases (GHG) in general and CO2 emissions in particular. To tackle the problem a variety of reduction/prevention/utilization measures and approaches such as end-of-pipe technologies and proactive solutions are available. Collaborative pathways such as Industrial Ecology/Industrial Symbiosis (IE/IS), the core intention of which is engaging and collaborating in industrial activities toward minimizing waste, circular economy, resource efficiency, and “win-win” business opportunities, is approved as a proactive approach toward sustainable development. This article is about industrial CO2 emissions, specifically utilization of industrial CO2 emissions in Östergötland County in Sweden by matching the supply and demand potential through industrial collaboration. To do this, several steps are taken. First, the paper introduces several different pathways and approaches for combating the issue together with a short description of each. However, the approach of balancing the supply and demand potential in a collaborative and sustainable pathway such as industrial symbiosis will be the core of the paper. Then a description of IS together with a few worldwide practical and operational examples of industrial symbiosis leading to mitigating CO2 emissions is presented. In the next stage, which forms the empirical part of the paper, an attempt is made to map and enhance the potential of industrial CO2 emissions (supplying segment) together with the demand market. On the supply side, an inventory of the major regional emitters, including their respective industries and municipalities, the amount of CO2 emissions in “biogenic” and “fossil”  scenarios, the processes involved (incineration/combustion, fermentation, gas cleaning) and types of resources (renewable [biomass] or fossil) used are presented, while from the demand side the average amount of required CO2 in a Scandinavian perspective is given. Matching the total supply and demand potential revealed a major mismatch between the segments in which total country requirement can be fulfilled within just a small fraction of the regional supply.

Keyword [en]
Industrial Symbiosis, Östergötland/Sweden, Utilization, Industrial CO2 emissions, matching supply and demand potential
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85823OAI: diva2:572925
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis Development in a Swedish Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis Development in a Swedish Region
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today, sustainability of industrial regions and industrial networks is a challenge for business developers, policy makers, regional planners, local and governmental authorities and academic researchers. Because growing cities and industrial regions worldwide are intertwined with social, environmental, and economic advantages/disadvantages and challenges, in recent decades the ambition of industrial development and economic growth without environmental destruction has become a worldwide topic. To address this issue, a number of theories and pathways such as Industrial Ecology (IE) and its subfield Industrial Symbiosis (IS) toward sustainability of industrial regions and networks are being researched, examined and implemented.

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how local connectedness amongst locally distributed firms in industrial areas can be facilitated using industrial symbiosis theory and tools. To address the overall aim, the facilitation of IS development in this thesis includes three focus areas: 1) using IS theory and tools for categorization, characterization, and definitions of different lines of IS development; 2) matching the supply and demand potential of regional CO2 resources through industrial collaboration; and 3) using geographic information systems (GIS).

Based on the research findings it is concluded that one approach for facilitating IS development is to apply IS theory and tools in an industrial region to find out whether any forms of IS already exist and what definitions of IS fit the area. Furthermore, it is also concluded that another approach for facilitating IS development could be matching the supply and demand potential of resources within industrial collaborations. However, availability and provision of relevant data and information plays an important role. In addition, it is seen that handling and developing existing regional data and information into a GIS-based format could contribute to facilitation of IS development. In general, it is seen that facilitating mechanism and facilitating organization are available, and should be coordinated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. 54 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1566
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85825 (URN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2012:50 (Local ID)978-91-7519-719-7 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2012:50 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC-2012:50 (OAI)
2012-11-27, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2013-08-29Bibliographically approved

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