Quantifying the preparedness for efficient ambulance logistics
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Preparedness is an important concept in ambulance logistics. It is a way of evaluating the ability to serve potential patients with ambulances in a swift and efficient manner. Here, a way of calculating the preparedness for different parts of a geographical area is presented. The developed measure is calibrated for use in the county of Stockholm in Sweden. Different areas of application for the measure are discussed in strategic, tactical and operational ambulance planning. Specifically, a mathematical model for ambulance station location, based on the preparedness measure, is developed and solved using a simulated annealing heuristic. A new set of locations, obtained from the model, is compared to the existing locations by simulating the ambulance operations. The results show that the new locations have a positive effect on the patient waiting periods.
Preparedness, Ambulance Logistics, Location Analysis, Optimization, Transportation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-85912DiVA: diva2:573708