Nanostructures on a Vector: Enzymatic Oligo Production for DNA Nanotechnology
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The technique of DNA origami utilizes the specific and limited bonding properties of DNA to fold single stranded DNA sequences of various lengths to form a predesigned structure. One longer sequence is used as a scaffold and numerous shorter sequences called staples, which are all complementary to the scaffold sequence, are used to fold the scaffold into intricate shapes. The most commonly used scaffold is derived by extracting the genome of the M13 phage and the staples are usually chemically synthesized oligonucleotides. Longer single stranded sequences are difficult to synthesize with high specificity, which limits the choices of scaffold sequences available. In this project two main methods of single stranded amplification, Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) and the usage of helper phages, were explored with the goal to produce both a 378 nt scaffold and staple sequences needed for folding a DNA origami structure. To facilitate imaging by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) of this small structure, the DNA origami structure was created to form a polymer structure. Production of the scaffold sequence in high yield was unsuccessful and no well-defined polymers were found in the folded samples, though a few results showed promise for further studies and optimizations. Due to time constraints of this project, only production of the scaffold sequence was tested. Unfortunately the scaffold produced by the helper phages was of the complementary strand to that used to design the DNA origami structure, and could therefore not be used for folding. The correct strand was produced by the RCA where the yield was too low when using Phi29 DNA polymerase for proper folding to take place, though small scale RCA by Bst DNA polymerase on the other hand showed promising results. These results indicate that the scaffold production may not be far off but still more experience in producing intermediate size oligonucleotides may be necessary before succeeding in high yield production of this 378 nt long sequence. The promise given by this production is to enable high yield, high purity, low cost and also an easily scalable process set-up. This would be an important step in future DNA nanotechnology research when moving from small scale laboratory research to large scale applications such as targeted drug delivery systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 38 p.
DNA origami, Rolling Circle Amplification, Phage, Scaffold, Oligonucleotides
Nano Technology Bio Materials Biocatalysis and Enzyme Technology Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85985ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--12/2686--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-85985DiVA: diva2:574450
The Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience, Swedish Medical Nanoscience Center
Subject / course
2012-06-15, Jordan-Fermi, Campus Valla, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Högberg, Björn, Assistant professorHurtig, Johan, Postdoc
Aili, Daniel, Assistant Professor