A novel approach for environmental evaluation of landfill mining
2013 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 55, 24-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Studies concerning landfill mining have historically focused on reclamation of land space and landfill remediation. A limited number of studies, however, have evaluated landfill mining combined with resource recovery, most of them being pilot studies or projects with little emphasis on resource extraction. This implies that many uncertainties remain related to landfill mining. With a growing interest in environmental concerns around the globe, the environmental evaluation of large-scale projects has become an increasingly important issue. A common way of conducting such an evaluation is to use Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). However, LCA by itself might not take into account all the inherent uncertainties in landfill mining. This article describes an approach for environmental evaluation of landfill mining that combines the principles of Life Cycle Assessment and Monte Carlo Simulation. In order to demonstrate its usability for planning and evaluation purposes, the approach is also applied to a hypothetical landfill mining case by presenting examples of the types of results it can produce. Results from this approach are presented as cumulative probability distributions, rather than a single result figure. By presenting results in this way, the landfill mining practitioner will get a more complete view of the processes involved and will have a better decision base.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 55, 24-34 p.
Life Cycle Assessment; Landfill mining; Remediation; Resource recovery; Environmental assessment; Monte Carlo Simulation
National CategoryOther Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86054DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.05.045ISI: 000322802300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86054DiVA: diva2:574712