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Development of an internet-based support and coaching model for adolescents and young adults with ADHD and autism spectrum disorders: a pilot study
University of Gothenburg, Sweden Swedish Institute Health Science, Sweden .
University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2012 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 21, no 11, 611-622 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this paper were to develop an internet-based support and coaching model for young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and to validate the model. A user-centred design was applied to develop a model for internet-based support and coaching, where individuals received 8-week support via internet (chat). The model was validated by 10 individuals, 15-26 years of age, with ASD and/or ADHD. Self-report questionnaires [Sense of Coherence (SOC), the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life, Montgomery sberg Depression Rating Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale] were distributed before and after intervention. A structured interview regarding the quality of the model, the Patient perspective of Care and Rehabilitation process (POCR), was used after the intervention. The validation showed significant improvement of SOC, self-esteem and subjective Quality of Life at follow-up and the majority perceived high fulfilment/importance on the POCR. In conclusion, The model can be an important complement to other interventions for young people with ASD and/or ADHD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2012. Vol. 21, no 11, 611-622 p.
Keyword [en]
Autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, Internet-based support, Coaching, Intervention, Self-esteem
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86123DOI: 10.1007/s00787-012-0297-2ISI: 000310891100003OAI: diva2:574964

Funding Agencies|Vardal Institute||Swedish Institute for Health Sciences||ALF||Wilhelm and Martina Lundgren foundation||Vinnvard||

Available from: 2012-12-07 Created: 2012-12-07 Last updated: 2012-12-07

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