High concentrations of hepatocyte growth factor but low biological activity in patients with periodontitis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Background: High levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a healing factor with regenerative and cytoprotective effects, has been associated to inflammatory diseases including periodontitis. To induce cellular responses, biologic active HGF requires binding to its receptor c-Met and the co-receptor heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSPG) on cell membranes and extracellular matrix. The aim of this study was to investigate the concentration and the biological activity of HGF and the relationship with subgingival microbiota in medically healthy subject with / without periodontitis.
Methods: Saliva, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and blood samples from thirty patients with severe periodontitis and thirty periodontally healthy controls were analysed for the concentration of HGF and the binding affinity to HSPG and c-Met, using ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Subgingival plaque were analysed for the presence of 18 bacterial species.
Results: Compared to controls, patients with periodontitis showed higher concentrations of HGF in all three locations (P<0.001), however the binding affinity to HSPG and c-Met were markedly reduced in GCF and in saliva (P<0.002). The patients had higher prevalence of periodontal related bacterial species.
Conclusion: The increased concentration of HGF in GCF and saliva in patients with severe periodontitis was also reflected in the circulation indicating a systemic effect by periodontitis. However, the biological activity of HGF at local sites of inflammation was reduced. A loss of function of healing factors such as HGF may be one important mechanism in the dominant degenerative processes in periodontally susceptible subjects.
Hepatocyte growth factor; periodontal disease; saliva; GCF; serum; microbiology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86212OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86212DiVA: diva2:575718