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Instrumented force-on-force battle training in Sweden: lessons learned during the first five years
Visuell Systemteknik i Linköping AB, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Operations, National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Military Technology, National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of C3I Warfare Technology, National Defence Research Establishment, Linköping, Sweden.
1998 (English)In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Training and Education Conference (ITEC98), 1998, 30-43 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In an army based on conscription the time for training is limited and, therefore, efficient training methods are of great importance. There is also a great need to find objective means of ensuring that the units are capable of carrying out their tasks. This insight led to the decision by the Swedish Army in 1992 to conduct a series of experimental instrumented force-on-force battle training exercises. The encouraging outcome of these experiments resulted in the establishment of an experimental battle training centre for the development of techniques and methods for training and evaluation of mechanised units.

In this paper, we present an overview of the activities related to instrumented force-on-force battle training in the Swedish Army today and share some of the lessons learned on the way. In particular, we describe the different phases of a typical battle training exercise, including the preparation performed by the training unit and the training centre staff before the exercise, the arrangements made on the training site before the exercise, the execution of the exercise, the training command and supervision during the exercise, the compilation and examination of data collected during the exercise, and the after-action review. We also show how the information collected during a single exercise, or a series of exercises, can be used in technical or tactical analyses to identify potential problems with a particular piece of equipment or a specific operating procedure.

In addition to evaluating each battle training exercise by means of an after-action review, it is equally important to systematically evaluate the techniques and methods used to support training. To this end we have devised a number of methods and tools which we report on in the paper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. 30-43 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86751OAI: diva2:582010
Ninth International Training and Education Conference (ITEC98), April 28-30, Lausanne, Switzerland
Available from: 2013-01-03 Created: 2013-01-03 Last updated: 2013-01-16
In thesis
1. Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our society frequently faces minor and major crises that require rapid intervention by well-prepared forces from military organizations and public-safety agencies. Feedback on the performance in operations is crucial to maintain and improve the quality of these forces. This thesis presents methods and tools for reconstruction and exploration of tactical operations. Specifically, it investigates how multimedia representations of tactical operations can be constructed and used to help participants, managers, and analysts uncover the interaction between distributed teams and grasp the ramifications of decisions and actions in a dynamically evolving situation. The thesis is the result of several field studies together with practitioners from the Swedish Armed Forces and from the public-safety sector in Sweden and the United States. In those studies, models of realistic exercises were constructed from data collected from multiple sources in the field and explored by participants and analysts in subsequent after-action reviews and in-depth analyses. The results of the studies fall into three categories. First, we explain why multimedia representations are useful and demonstrate how they support retrospective analysis of tactical operations. Second, we describe and characterize a general methodology for constructing models of tactical operations that can be adapted to the specific needs and conditions in different domains. Third, we identify effective mechanisms and a set of reusable representations for presenting multimedia models of operations. An additional contribution is a domain-independent, customizable visualization framework for exploring multimedia representations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 100 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 771
National Category
Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35580 (URN)27765 (Local ID)91-7373-421-7 (ISBN)27765 (Archive number)27765 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-09-24, Seminarierum Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-01-03

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