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Training emergency management and response: creating the big picture
Visuell Systemteknik i Linköping AB, Linköping, Sweden.
National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
1998 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Emergency Management Society's Fifth Annual Conference, 1998, 553-561 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A disaster scene is a complex and dangerous environment. The number of casualties recovered and lives saved during a rescue mission depend not only on the ability of the members of the rescue party to carry out their individual tasks, but also on the close cooperation between individuals and units, and the careful coordination of their efforts. Effective training of emergency management and response is mandatory to ensure the successful outcome of a rescue mission under these circumstances.

After-action analysis and evaluation are vital to improve training efficiency at large-scale rescue exercises. This task, however, is inherently difficult because the participating rescue units operate geographically separated, are assigned individual tasks, and carry out activities in parallel. In addition, the units are controlled by commanders at different levels and locations, who make decisions based on their perception of the current situation. As a consequence, there are as many views of the exercise as there are participants. To overcome this diversity, and thus provide a common frame of reference for subsequent analysis and evaluation, it is necessary to establish an objective view of the course of events. Instead of trying to investigate what happened, it becomes possible to concentrate on why something happened.

In this paper we describe methods and tools for supporting after-action analysis and evaluation of large-scale rescue exercises. We concentrate on how to select, record, compile, and replay relevant events to provide a coherent view of a complex mission. We demonstrate the various steps of our approach by relating to an emergency response exercise in Sweden in October 1997. During this exercise we registered more than 10,000 events and intercepted some 800 radio transmissions. The course of events were replayed to the 230 participants at the after-action review 90 minutes after the conclusion of the exercise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. 553-561 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86752DiVA: diva2:582015
Conference
International Emergency Management Society's Fifth Annual Conference, TIEMS'98, Washington DC, May 19-22, 1998
Available from: 2013-01-03 Created: 2013-01-03 Last updated: 2013-01-16
In thesis
1. Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our society frequently faces minor and major crises that require rapid intervention by well-prepared forces from military organizations and public-safety agencies. Feedback on the performance in operations is crucial to maintain and improve the quality of these forces. This thesis presents methods and tools for reconstruction and exploration of tactical operations. Specifically, it investigates how multimedia representations of tactical operations can be constructed and used to help participants, managers, and analysts uncover the interaction between distributed teams and grasp the ramifications of decisions and actions in a dynamically evolving situation. The thesis is the result of several field studies together with practitioners from the Swedish Armed Forces and from the public-safety sector in Sweden and the United States. In those studies, models of realistic exercises were constructed from data collected from multiple sources in the field and explored by participants and analysts in subsequent after-action reviews and in-depth analyses. The results of the studies fall into three categories. First, we explain why multimedia representations are useful and demonstrate how they support retrospective analysis of tactical operations. Second, we describe and characterize a general methodology for constructing models of tactical operations that can be adapted to the specific needs and conditions in different domains. Third, we identify effective mechanisms and a set of reusable representations for presenting multimedia models of operations. An additional contribution is a domain-independent, customizable visualization framework for exploring multimedia representations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 100 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 771
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35580 (URN)27765 (Local ID)91-7373-421-7 (ISBN)27765 (Archive number)27765 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-09-24, Seminarierum Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-01-03

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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