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Extending a battle-training instrumentation system to support emergency response training
National Defence Research Establishment, Linköping, Sweden.
Visuell Systemteknik i Linköping AB, Linköping, Sweden.
National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
1999 (English)In: Proceedings of the 10th International Training and Education Conference, ITEC 2000, 1999, 550-562 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paramount importance of efficient training methods is becoming increasingly clear in most armed forces as the technical sophistication of weapons and communications systems grows while the resources available for training are being reduced due to budget cuts and environmental restrictions. As a result, force-on-force battle training on instrumented ranges has become an established means of improving the effect of training, especially at the company and battalion level of mechanised units. The purpose of the instrumentation system is twofold: it simulates the effects of the main weapon systems to improve realism and it monitors and registers the activities on the training ground to support subsequent analysis and feedback. However, as armed forces are facing new tasks, such as peace-keeping, peace-enforcement and humanitarian assistance, the raining requirements change as well. It is therefore important to investigate to which extent existing instrumentation systems for battle training can support other types of full team training involving both military and civilian forces.

In this paper, we report on a successful attempt to use an existing battle training instrumentation system (the MIND system, used by the Swedish Army since 1993) to support an emergency response exercise. In this exercise a rescue force consisting of firefighters, medical personnel, and police responded to a simulated chemical warfare attack on a railway junction in southern Sweden. 90 minutes after the end of the five-hour exercise all 230 participants attended the after-action review. We use this case to compare the technical and methodological requirements on the instrumentation system in support of battle training and emergency response training, respectively. Based on this analysis, and the practical implications of our field trials, we conclude that even if the available data sources vary and the simulation requirements are very different in the two domains, it is nevertheless possible to support both types of training in a single framework. Furthermore, we discuss the support of integrated training of relief forces made up of both military and civilian units.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. 550-562 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86753DiVA: diva2:582021
Conference
10th International Training and Education Conference (ITEC 2000), The Hague, The Netherlands, April 13-15, 1999
Available from: 2013-01-03 Created: 2013-01-03 Last updated: 2013-01-16
In thesis
1. Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our society frequently faces minor and major crises that require rapid intervention by well-prepared forces from military organizations and public-safety agencies. Feedback on the performance in operations is crucial to maintain and improve the quality of these forces. This thesis presents methods and tools for reconstruction and exploration of tactical operations. Specifically, it investigates how multimedia representations of tactical operations can be constructed and used to help participants, managers, and analysts uncover the interaction between distributed teams and grasp the ramifications of decisions and actions in a dynamically evolving situation. The thesis is the result of several field studies together with practitioners from the Swedish Armed Forces and from the public-safety sector in Sweden and the United States. In those studies, models of realistic exercises were constructed from data collected from multiple sources in the field and explored by participants and analysts in subsequent after-action reviews and in-depth analyses. The results of the studies fall into three categories. First, we explain why multimedia representations are useful and demonstrate how they support retrospective analysis of tactical operations. Second, we describe and characterize a general methodology for constructing models of tactical operations that can be adapted to the specific needs and conditions in different domains. Third, we identify effective mechanisms and a set of reusable representations for presenting multimedia models of operations. An additional contribution is a domain-independent, customizable visualization framework for exploring multimedia representations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 100 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 771
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35580 (URN)27765 (Local ID)91-7373-421-7 (ISBN)27765 (Archive number)27765 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-09-24, Seminarierum Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-01-03

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Morin, Magnus

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