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Increased comorbidities in heart failure patients ≥ 85 years but declined from > 90 years: Data from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Sweden..
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Sweden..
Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 167, no 6, 2747-2752 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Epidemiological studies of elderly heart failure (HF) patients (>= 85 years) are limited with inconsistent findings. Our objective is to confirm and extend epidemiological study in elderly (>= 85 years) patients using the Swedish Heart Failure Registry database. Methods: This retrospective study included 8,347 HF patients aged <= 65 years and 15,889 HF patients aged >= 85 years. Elderly population was further divided into two subgroups: 11,412 patients were 85-90 years and 4,477 patients were >90 years. Results: The >= 85 year group was characterized by more women, higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), lower body-mass index (BMI), more than twice as many HF with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (HFNEF), higher incidence of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidities and less use of proven therapeutics compared with the <= 65 year group. Compared with the 85-90 year subgroup, the >90 year subgroup had a decline in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidities except renal insufficiency and anaemia which continued to increase with ageing (p<0.01). Tendency was the same regardless of gender but slightly different between systolic HF (SHF) and HFNEF. In the group with HFNEF, there were more women, higher SBP, lower N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels, less ischaemic heart disease, more hypertension and left bundle branch block regardless of age. Atrial fibrillation was more frequent in patients with HFNEF than with SHF in the elderly group (p<0.01). Patients with HFNEF in the >90 year subgroup had increasing incidence of ischaemic heart disease compared to 85-90 year group (p<0.01). Conclusions: HF patients >= 85 years had increased cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular comorbidities but with a decline from >90 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 167, no 6, 2747-2752 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86772DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.06.095ISI: 000324478400071PubMedID: 22805544OAI: diva2:582194
Available from: 2013-01-03 Created: 2013-01-03 Last updated: 2014-06-25

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Dahlström, Ulf
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Faculty of Health SciencesDivision of Cardiovascular MedicineDepartment of Cardiology in Linköping
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