Functional characterization of DNase X, a novel endonuclease expressed in muscle cells
2000 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 39, no 25, 7365-7373 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The activation of endonucleases resulting in the degradation of genomic DNA is one of the most characteristic changes in apoptosis. Here, we report the characterization of a novel endonuclease, termed DNase X due to its X-chromosomal localization. The active nuclease is a 35 kDa protein with 39% identity to DNase I. When incubated with isolated nuclei, recombinant DNase X was capable of triggering DNA degradation at internucleosomal sites. Similarly to DNase I, the nuclease activity of DNase X was dependent on Ca2+ and Mg2+ and inhibited by Zn2+ ions or chelators of bivalent cations. Overexpression of DNase X caused internucleosomal DNA degradation and induction of cell death associated with increased caspase activation. Despite the presence of two potential caspase cleavage sites, DNase X was processed neither in vitro nor in vivo by different caspases. Interestingly, after initiation of apoptosis DNase X was translocated from the cytoplasm to the nuclear compartment and aggregated as a detergent-insoluble complex. Abundant expression of DNase X mRNA was detected in heart and skeletal muscle cells, suggesting that DNase X may be involved in apoptotic or other biological events in muscle tissues.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2000. Vol. 39, no 25, 7365-7373 p.
apoptotic endonuclease, caspase-activated dnase, death, epithelial-cells, fragmentation, human deoxyribonuclease-ii, human xq28, molecular-cloning, protein, rat parotid-gland
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87019DOI: 10.1021/bi000158wISI: 000087918200005PubMedID: 10858283OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-87019DiVA: diva2:584251