An Exploratory Analysis of Swedish Street Gangs: Applying the Maxson And Klein Typology to a Swedish Gang Dataset
2012 (English)In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ISSN 1043-9862, E-ISSN 1552-5406, Vol. 28, no 4, 426-445 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study we investigate the application of the Maxson and Klein gang typology on a dataset of seven Swedish street gangs. Individual-level data on 239 gang members were analyzed. While some Swedish criminologists maintain that no street gang exist in Sweden, this research project provides evidence to the contrary. Findings support the utility of the Maxson and Klein typology. Results show that the “compressed gang” was the most common type of street gang in the dataset. This finding is also in concert with other European gang studies, adding further evidence for the applicability of the gang typology. Findings also suggest a similar pattern of gang development and structure to that of American and European street gangs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 28, no 4, 426-445 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87179DOI: 10.1177/1043986212458195ISI: 000209168100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-87179DiVA: diva2:586925