liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Gender Differences in Childrens Voice Use in a Day Care Environment
Umeå University, Sweden .
Umeå University, Sweden .
University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2208-0630
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1557-8658, Vol. 26, no 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. The prevalence of dysphonia is higher in boys than in girls before puberty. This could be because of the differences in boys and girls voice use. Previous research on gender differences in prepubescent childrens voice parameters has been contradictory. Most studies have focused on examining fundamental frequency. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate voice use in boys and girls in a day care environment based on the voice parameters fundamental frequency (Hz), vocal intensity (dB SPL), and phonation time (%) and to ascertain whether there were any significant gender differences. Study Design. Prospective comparative design. Method. The study was conducted in a day care environment where 30 children (17 boys and 13 girls aged 4-5 years) participated. The participants voices were measured continuously for 4 hours with a voice accumulator that registered fundamental frequency, vocal intensity level, phonation time, and background noise. Results. Mean (standard deviation) fundamental frequency was 310 (22) and 321 (16) Hz, vocal intensity was 93 (4) and 91 (3) dB SPL, and phonation time was 7.7 (2.0)% and 7.6 (2.5)% for boys and girls, respectively. No differences between genders were statistically significant. Conclusion. The finding of no statistically significant gender differences for measurements of voice parameters in a group of children aged 4-5 years in a day care environment is an important finding that contributes to increased knowledge about young boys and girls voice use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 26, no 6
Keyword [en]
Childrens voice use; Voice accumulator; Day care environment; Dysphonia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87224DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2012.05.001ISI: 000311428300040OAI: diva2:587382
Available from: 2013-01-14 Created: 2013-01-14 Last updated: 2015-09-22

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
McAllister, Anita
By organisation
Speech and Language PathologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL
In the same journal
Journal of Voice
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 48 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link