Evaluation of the LHOVRA O-function using the microsimulation tool VISSIM
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The growth of serious injuries and fatalities resulting from traffic accidents at intersections is one of the main problems in urban areas. Signal control was proposed as an alternative intersection design on rural roads. There were many reasons behind this, the most outstanding of which was the traffic signals can be used as a cost effective tools for traffic management in urban areas. The LHOVRA technique was intended to improve safety and reduce lost time at signalized intersection along high speed roads. The LHOVRA technique is an isolated traffic control strategy in Sweden which is formed from different concepts.
This thesis work is aimed to evaluate the LHOVRA technique with a focus on the O-function. Hence, two different scenarios, one with O-function and one without O-function were implemented in the micro traffic simulation software, VISSIM. VISSIM has been used to simulate the traffic situation of the Gamla Övägen – Albrektsvägen intersection by considering the LHOVRA scenario (with O-function) as well as traditional scenario (without O-function) of the intersection.
Field measurements were used as input data for VISSIM simulation. The VISSIM simulation model was calibrated to find a close match between simulated and real data.
Finally, a comparison of alternatives was carried out based on traffic performance and traffic safety measurements. The simulation experiment results gained by the comparisons were presented a higher time-to-collision value. The higher time-to-collision value the safer situation is. Both delays and travel time were reduced to primary road traffic.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 126 p.
Calibration, Dilemma zone, Driver behavior, Signal control, Simulation experiment, Signalized intersection, LHOVRA technique, Traffic volumes, Traffic safety, VISSIM, VisVap.
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87757ISRN: LIU-ITN-TEK-A--12/084--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-87757DiVA: diva2:600015
Subject / course
Transportation Systems Engineering