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Diffusion of environmental technology: an analysis of export strategies in Sweden
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Environmental Technology and Management)
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes the composition of the Swedish environmental technology sector and describes the reasons behind the more or less recent interest of the government in relying on environmental technology exports to contribute to economic growth. Common enterprise information (i.e. number of companies, turnover and exports) and the sector’s performance in export activities (i.e. exports as a share of turnover) are shown over the last decade. The sector’s behavior is discussed, along with possible explanations and the highlighting of important traits that could be considered when designing and deploying export promotion strategies and plans. Particular environmental areas (as defined by Sweden’s Statistics Agency) are identified as having a significant weight on turnover generation, exports and employment in absolute terms, but do not necessarily perform that well when exports are analyzed as part of their total turnover. This may indicate the influence of these areas’ composition and ownership, as well as the legal constraints and possibly the incentives they have to export their offerings.In addition, the agencies commissioned to assess the sector and its companies – the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities that the sector has to expand into foreign markets, and the conclusions they reached – are shown and discussed. Governance and Diffusion of Innovation theories are used for the analysis of the strategies developed thus far by the government and for the suggestion of other approaches considering the particular characteristics of some markets.

Keyword [en]
Environmental Technology Exports, Governmental Initiatives, Environmental Technology Sector, Diffusion of Innovations
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-88012DiVA: diva2:601145
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-02-04 Created: 2013-01-28 Last updated: 2013-02-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In a world recently declared urban, each day technology plays a more important role in society. A majority of people seem to believe in technology not only for solving everyday problems and for supporting the current production and economic systems, but also for the redress of environmental problems that are caused to a large extent by the same technology that has driven society to the current standards. In this direction, megacities (i.e. cities with more than ten million inhabitants) represent a valuable example of both the problems caused by high urbanization rates and the possibility of solving them using technology. However, the mere development of technology does not guarantee its immediate adoption and successful implementation by a given society.

In this thesis, one of the largest megacities in the world (i.e. in terms of population) was chosen as a case study for the analysis of the adoption and diffusion of environmental technology. Mexico City is studied through a set of interviews with local stakeholders from academia, government, industry and other external organizations such as non-profit organizations and international institutions. This approach resulted in the identification of different obstacles to the adoption and implementation of technologies, but also led to a successful case of technology adoption that allowed for the understanding of important traits that facilitated not only such adoption, but also the subsequent diffusion and spread to other cities.

Although the thesis has a strong focus on the demand side (in this case Mexico City), the supply side (in this case the Swedish environmental technology sector) is also considered and analyzed. By using statistical data of common enterprise and economic nature, the composition of the sector was described and analyzed with the intention to identify important areas and behavioral traits that could give insight into the hindrances that the sector faces when exporting its offerings. Given the interest that the Swedish government has put in the sector for contributing to the country’s economic growth, the different studies commissioned for the assessment of the sector are also discussed in this thesis. The different conclusions and suggestions made by the different agencies entrusted with this task are shown and analyzed.

Conclusions are drawn regarding the need for designing strategies that consider local conditions, that are flexible and adaptive to a highly dynamic environment and that pay particular attention to the development of strong demonstration projects that facilitate overcoming the distrust normally created when new technologies are introduced in a society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 73 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1574
Keyword
Technology Diffusion, Environmental Technology, Megacities, Mexico City
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88401 (URN)978-91-7519-697-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-02-01, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Megatech
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-04 Last updated: 2013-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Mejía-Dugand, Santiago

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