Disintegration: The evolution of planning doctrines and organizational unbundling of a regional energy system
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This paper analyzes the emergence and modification of a planning doctrine in the Stockholm region. The ‘spatial organization principle’ of the doctrine focused on reducing the pressure on the city center by suburbanization. The different infrastructure systems, especially transport systems, were an important part in implementing the doctrine, but as shown in the paper, energy systems and especially district heating systems developed in accordance to the spatial organization principle, influenced by the doctrine. A regional energy company, Stoseb, was established and from 1978 to 2003 worked to create cooperation among the municipalities and energy companies. It was crucial in creating regional district heating systems. The doctrine underwent a gradual modification due to changed economic and planning ideals, as, for example, neoliberalism and sustainable development emerged in the planning ideals. The regional cooperation was discontinued, as the deregulation of the electricity market led to privatization of several energy companies. Within the new business logic the previous ways of cooperating became impossible to maintain, and the doctrine lost its relevance. Understanding the development through the ‘splintering urbanism’ thesis means that the development shows signs of ‘organizational unbundling’. Ideas of a planning doctrine are implemented through other systems, and the energy systems are an example of this.
Planning doctrines; Splintering urbanism; Stockholm; District heating
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-88705DiVA: diva2:605557