Transitions towards sustainability - learning from Graz and Freiburg?
2012 (English)In: Serbian Architectural Journal, ISSN 1821-3952, Vol. 4, 75-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Innovation policies in the European Union increasingly address so-called ‘grand challenges’ such as climate change, resource depletion or aging societies. Such transformations go far beyond conventional product or process innovations and require a restructuring of broad socio-technical regimes, e.g. the built environment, systems of mobility, the energy system or the way we organize processes of production and consumption.
The distributed nature and specific socio-technical dynamics of large-scale transition processes towards greater sustainability makes cities an important arena of infrastructure transformation and a crucial nexus between different levels of governance and strands of socio-political discourse. The article is based on an analysis of the cases of Graz and Freiburg which since at least two decades have been regarded as ‘eco-cities’ and particularly advanced in their environmental policies and actions. We will investigate to which extent these cities were indeed capable of system innovations and fundamental shifts towards the aim of a “sustainable city“ and we will then draw some conclusions about the ‘room for manoeuvring’ of cities within broader sustainability transitions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 4, 75-98 p.
Sustainability transitions, eco-cities, infrastructures, urban policy
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies) Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89135OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-89135DiVA: diva2:607148