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Nanomolar concentrations of adrenaline induce platelet adhesion in vitro.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Pharmacology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3184-0427
2013 (English)In: Platelets, ISSN 0953-7104, E-ISSN 1369-1635, Vol. 24, no 2, 129-135 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adrenaline is a platelet activator having a resting plasma concentration of <1 nmol/l that increases to a few nmol/l during stress. However, most in vitro assays only detect effects of adrenaline in micromolar concentrations. This makes it difficult to estimate the relevance of in vitro data for the in vivo situation. The aim of this study was to investigate experimental conditions in vitro that could detect platelet effects of adrenaline in nanomolar concentrations. Platelet adhesion to albumin and collagen was evaluated with a static platelet adhesion assay. Our results show that 10 nmol/l adrenaline induced platelet adhesion to albumin in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) prepared at 140 × g, while 100 nmol/l was necessary in order to increase adhesion of platelets prepared at 220 × g. The mean platelet volume was increased after preparation at 140 × g, suggesting that large reactive platelets contributed to the increased adrenaline sensitivity. At optimal Mg(2+)-concentration, adhesion to collagen was increased by 10 nmol/l adrenaline irrespective of centrifugal force applied during PRP preparation. More specifically, we defined two populations where adhesion to collagen was increased by 10 nmol/l adrenaline either upon centrifugation at 140 × g but not 220 × g or vice versa. In some experiments, platelet adhesion to collagen was induced by 3 nmol/l adrenaline, which corresponds to concentrations achieved during stress in vivo. In summary, the static adhesion assay is able to detect platelet activating effects of adrenaline very close to physiological concentrations. This is rare for in vitro assays and motivates further research about adrenergic signalling in platelets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2013. Vol. 24, no 2, 129-135 p.
Keyword [en]
Platelet activation, centrifugation, albumin, collagen, mean platelet volume, magnesium
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89140DOI: 10.3109/09537104.2012.672780ISI: 000314477400007PubMedID: 22471400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-89140DiVA: diva2:607215
Available from: 2013-02-22 Created: 2013-02-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Eriksson, Andreas C.Whiss, Per A.

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