Diagnosis and prognosis of acute hamstring injuries in athletes
2013 (English)In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 21, no 2, 500-509 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identification of the most relevant diagnostic and prognostic factors of physical examination and imaging of hamstring injuries in (elite) athletes. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanA literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE for articles between 1950 and April 2011. A survey was distributed among the members of the European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, which focused on physical examination, prognosis, imaging and laboratory tests of hamstring injuries in (elite) athletes. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMedical history, inspection and palpation of the muscle bellies and imaging are most valuable at the initial assessment according to the literature. Experts considered medical history, posture and gait inspection, inspection and palpation of muscle bellies, range of motion tests, manual muscle testing, referred pain tests and imaging to be most important in the initial assessment of hamstring injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is preferred over ultrasonography and should take place within 3 days post-trauma. Important prognostic factors are injury grade, length of the muscle tear on MR images, MRI-negative injuries and trauma mechanism. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanPosture and gait inspection, inspection and palpation of muscle bellies, range of motion tests, manual muscle testing and referred pain tests within 2 days post-trauma were identified as the most relevant diagnostic factors. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanLiterature review and expert opinion, Level V.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2013. Vol. 21, no 2, 500-509 p.
Hamstring strain injury, Sports injury, Physical examination, Imaging
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89512DOI: 10.1007/s00167-012-2055-xISI: 000313809600033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-89512DiVA: diva2:608378