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Improved Spectral Vector Error Diffusion by Dot Gain Compensation
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Image Reproduction and Publishing)
Voxvil AB.
2013 (English)In: Color Imaging XVIII: Displaying, Processing, Hardcopy and Applications Volume 8652 / [ed] Reiner Eschbach, Gabriel G. Marcu and Alessandro Rizzi, Bellingham: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013, 8652OL-1-8652OL-11 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Abstract: Spectral Vector Error Diffusion, sVED, is an interesting approach to achieve spectral color reproduction, i.e. reproducing the spectral reflectance of an original, creating a reproduction that will match under any illumination. For each pixel in the spectral image, the colorant combination producing the spectrum closest to the target spectrum is selected, and the spectral error is diffused to surrounding pixels using an error distribution filter. However, since the colorant separation and halftoning is performed in a single step in sVED, compensation for dot gain cannot be made for each color channel independently, as in a conventional workflow where the colorant separation and halftoning is performed sequentially. In this study, we modify the sVED routine to compensate for the dot gain, applying the Yule-Nielsen n-factor to modify the target spectra, i.e. performing the computations in (1/n)-space. A global n-factor, optimal for each print resolution, reduces the spectral reproduction errors by approximately a factor of 4, while an n-factor that is individually optimized for each target spectrum reduces the spectral reproduction error to 7% of that for the unmodified prints. However, the improvements when using global n-values are still not sufficient for the method to be of any real use in practice, and to individually optimize the n-values for each target is not feasible in a real workflow. The results illustrate the necessity to properly account for the dot gain in the printing process, and that further developments is needed in order to make Spectral Vector Error Diffusion a realistic alternative for spectral color reproduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bellingham: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013. 8652OL-1-8652OL-11 p.
Keyword [en]
Spectral color reproduction, Spectral vector error diffusion, Dot gain, Yule-Nielsen, Halftoning
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89649DOI: 10.1117/12.2004403ISI: 000319554900020ISBN: 9780819494252OAI: diva2:608654
Conference on Color Imaging XVIII - Displaying, Processing, Hardcopy, and Applications
Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2013-08-21

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