Investigation on the flow and thermal behavior of impinging jet ventilation systems in an office with different heat loads
2013 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 59, 127-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents the flow and temperature field within an office using impinging jet ventilation (IJV) under different heat loads ranging from 17 to 65 W per square meter floor area. The measurement was carried out in a full-scale test room to verify the reliability of three turbulence models, i.e., the RNG k-epsilon, SST k-omega and (nu(2)) over bar - f models. It is found that all the tested models show good agreements with measurements, while the (nu(2)) over bar - f model shows the best performance, especially on the overall temperature prediction. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanThe (nu(2)) over bar - f model is used further to investigate a number of important factors influencing the performance of the IJV. The considered parameters are: cooling effect of chilled ceiling, external heat load as well as its position, number of occupants and supplied air conditions. The interaction effect of chilled ceiling and heat sources results in a complex flow phenomenon but with a notable feature of air circulation. The appearance and strength of the air circulation mainly depends on the external heat load on window and number of occupants. It is found that with higher external heat load on window (384 W and 526 W), the air circulation has a strong tendency towards the side wall in the opposite direction to occupant, while with lower power on window (200 W) the air circulation has a strong tendency in the center of the room and extends to a larger area. When two occupants are present, two swirling zones are formed in the upper region. The effects of air circulation consequently alter the temperature field and the level of local thermal comfort.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 59, 127-144 p.
Impinging jet ventilation, Chilled ceiling, Heat sources, Air movement, Turbulence models, Measurement
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89812DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.08.014ISI: 000314371900014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-89812DiVA: diva2:609782
Funding Agencies|KM Foundation|2007/0289|Formas|242-2008-835|Fresh Air AB||Kraft and Kultur AB||University of Gavle|7216-7438-181-81|Linkoping University||2013-03-072013-03-072014-05-15Bibliographically approved