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Gender differences when using sedative music during colonoscopy
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Cardiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Gastroenterology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Gastroenterology. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2013 (English)In: Gastroenterology Nursing, ISSN 1042-895X, E-ISSN 1538-9766, Vol. 36, no 1, 14-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Colonoscopy is a procedure often experienced as uncomfortable and worrying. Music has been reported to reduce discomfort during colonoscopy; however, no study in a Swedish setting has been found. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to analyze the effects of sedative music on patients' experience of anxiety, pain, relaxation, and well-being during colonoscopy. Prior to colonoscopy, adult patients (n = 120), aged 18–80 years, were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n = 60) who listened to sedative instrumental music with 60–80 beats per minute during the colonoscopy or a control group. After the colonoscopy, both groups completed a questionnaire on anxiety, the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and an anxiety Visual Analogue Scale. Pain, relaxation, and well-being were also measured with Visual Analogue Scales. Women in the intervention group had a lower level of anxiety during the colonoscopy than those in the control group (p = .007) and well-being was significantly higher in the intervention group, especially among men, than in the controls (p = .006 and p = .025, respectively). Men in the intervention group were more relaxed during the colonoscopy than those in the control group (p = .065). Listening to sedative music decreased anxiety among women and increased well-being among men during colonoscopy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. Vol. 36, no 1, 14-20 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89753DOI: 10.1097/SGA.0b013e31827c4c80ISI: 000314369200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-89753DiVA: diva2:609799
Note

Funding Agencies|gastroenterology department at the University Hospital in Linkoping, Sweden||

Available from: 2013-03-07 Created: 2013-03-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Hollman Frisman, Gunilla

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