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Physical activity and psychological well-being in obese pregnant and postpartum women attending a weight-gain restriction programme
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics UHL.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics UHL.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
2014 (English)In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 30, no 1, 11-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

the objective of the study was to compare the differences in psychological well-being and quality of life during pregnancy and post partum of obese physically active women and obese physically inactive women enroled in a weight gain restriction programme. We also wanted to explore whether physical activity influences weight change or health status during pregnancy.

Design

a prospective intervention study.

Setting

antenatal care clinic.

Participants

a total of 74 obese pregnant women in a physically active group and 79 obese women in a physically inactive group.

Measurements

the women kept diaries of their physical activity during pregnancy and answered the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Medical Study Short-Form Health Survey in gestational weeks 15 and 35 and 11 weeks post partum. Physical activity was measured in metabolic equivalents.

Findings

the physically active women experienced fewer depressive symptoms and estimated an improved quality of life during their pregnancies as measured by physical functioning, bodily pain, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems and general mental health as compared with the physically inactive women. There were no differences between the groups in gestational weight gain or weight change from early pregnancy to post partum or in prevalence of complications.

Key conclusions

physical activity among obese pregnant women provides better psychological well-being and improved quality of life, but does not prevent weight change.

Implications for practice

staff at Antenatal Care Clinics that face obese pregnant women, should encourage and emphasise the benefits of being physically active throughout pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 30, no 1, 11-16 p.
National Category
Health Sciences Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90055DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2012.11.006ISI: 000328496200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-90055DiVA: diva2:611928
Available from: 2013-03-19 Created: 2013-03-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Claesson, Ing-MarieSydsjö, GunillaJosefsson, Ann

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Midwifery
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