Cancer-induced anorexia in tumor-bearing mice is dependent on cyclooxygenase-1
2013 (English)In: Brain, behavior, and immunity, ISSN 0889-1591, E-ISSN 1090-2139, Vol. 29, 124-135 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is well-established that prostaglandins (PGs) affect tumorigenesis, and evidence indicates that PGs also are important for the reduced food intake and body weight loss, the anorexia–cachexia syndrome, in malignant cancer. However, the identity of the PGs and the PG producing cyclooxygenase (COX) species responsible for cancer anorexia–cachexia is unknown. Here, we addressed this issue by transplanting mice with a tumor that elicits anorexia. Meal pattern analysis revealed that the anorexia in the tumor-bearing mice was due to decreased meal frequency. Treatment with a non-selective COX inhibitor attenuated the anorexia, and also tumor growth. When given at manifest anorexia, non-selective COX-inhibitors restored appetite and prevented body weight loss without affecting tumor size. Despite COX-2 induction in the cerebral blood vessels of tumor-bearing mice, a selective COX-2 inhibitor had no effect on the anorexia, whereas selective COX-1 inhibition delayed its onset. Tumor growth was associated with robust increase of PGE2 levels in plasma – a response blocked both by non-selective COX-inhibition and by selective COX-1 inhibition, but not by COX-2 inhibition. However, there was no increase in PGE2-levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Neutralization of plasma PGE2 with specific antibodies did not ameliorate the anorexia, and genetic deletion of microsomal PGE synthase-1 (mPGES-1) affected neither anorexia nor tumor growth. Furthermore, tumor-bearing mice lacking EP4 receptors selectively in the nervous system developed anorexia. These observations suggest that COX-enzymes, most likely COX-1, are involved in cancer-elicited anorexia and weight loss, but that these phenomena occur independently of host mPGES-1, PGE2 and neuronal EP4 signaling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 29, 124-135 p.
Cancer anorexia-cachexia, Cyclooxygenase, Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1, Prostaglandin E2
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90188DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2012.12.020ISI: 000315365400013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-90188DiVA: diva2:612377
Funding Agencies|Swedish Cancer Foundation||Swedish Research Council||Swedish Brain Foundation||2013-04-042013-03-212016-05-04Bibliographically approved