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Evidence of nonadiabatic exciton-phonon interaction probed by second-order LO-phonon replicas of single quantum dots
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Semiconductor Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Semiconductor Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4547-6673
National University of Ireland University of Coll Cork, Ireland .
National University of Ireland University of Coll Cork, Ireland .
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2013 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 87, no 8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this experimental study of single InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) the photoluminescence intensity of the second order LO-phonon replica of the excitonic interband recombination was measured along with the intensities of the first and zeroth orders. The results show that the intensity of the second-order replica is three to four times stronger than expected from the adiabatic Huang-Rhys theory, indicating that the neglected nonadiabaticity plays an important role for the understanding of the exciton-phonon coupling in QDs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society , 2013. Vol. 87, no 8
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90677DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.085317ISI: 000315375700011OAI: diva2:614186

Funding Agencies|Science Foundation Ireland|05/IN.1/I2510/IN.1/I3000|Swedish Research Council (VR)||K. A. Wallenberg Foundation||Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU)|2009-00971|

Available from: 2013-04-05 Created: 2013-04-03 Last updated: 2015-01-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Few particle effects in pyramidal quantum dots - a spectroscopic study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Few particle effects in pyramidal quantum dots - a spectroscopic study
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis two very similar processes have been studied, both involving excitations of particles during recombination of exciton complexes in quantum dots, reducing the energy of the emitted photon. Different exciton complexes are defined according to the number of electrons and holes in the quantum dot upon recombination. The neutral exciton complexes with one electron and one hole (X) and two electrons and two holes (2X) respectively are referred to as the exciton and the biexciton. Accordingly the charged exciton complexes consisting of two electrons and one hole (X) and one electron and two holes (X+), respectively, are referred to as negatively and positively charged excitons, respectively. Whenever another particle is excited during the recombination of one electron-hole pair within these complexes, the result is a weak satellite peak, spectrally redshifted with respect to the main emission peak related to the exciton complex.

In the first part of this thesis, described in papers 1 - 3, the first and second order exciton-LO-phonon interaction is studied with weak satellite peaks, redshifted by the LOphonon energy (ћωLO or 2ћωLO), as the signature, referred to as phonon replicas. The intensity ratio between the first order replicas and the corresponding main emission were determined from the obtained micro-photoluminescence spectra. It was found that this ratio was significantly weaker for the positively charged exciton X+ compared to the neutral exciton, X, and the negatively charged exciton, X. This experimentally obtained result was further supported by computations. Interestingly, the computations revealed that despite that X+ displays the weakest phonon replica among the investigated complexes, it possesses the strongest Fröhlich coupling to phonons in the lattice before recombination. The spectral broadening of the phonon replicas compared to the main emission is also discussed. The origin of the exciton-LO-phonon coupling is concluded to be from within the quantum dot (QD) itself, based on a comparison between quantum dots with different barriers. In addition, the measured intensity of the second order LO-phonon replica was approximately three times stronger than predictions made with the adiabatic Huang-Rhys theory but much weaker than the two orders in magnitude enhancement that was predicted when non adiabatic effects was included.

Symmetrical QDs are a requirement for achieving entangled photon emission, desired for applications within quantum cryptography. In the fourth paper we relate the emission pattern of the doubly positively charged exciton X2+ to the symmetry of the QDs. In particular the splitting between the two low-energy components was found to be a measure of the asymmetry of the QDs. The emission pattern of the doubly charged exciton may then be used as a post-growth uninvasive selection tool were high-symmetry QDs could reliably be selected.

In the last paper an additional weak redshifted satellite peak in the recombination spectra is studied. The intensity of this weak satellite peak is correlated to the peak intensity of the positively charged exciton, X+, main emission peak. In addition to this photoluminescence excitation experiments and computations further support our interpretation that the satellite peak is related to the shake-up of the ground state hole in the QD that is not involved in the optical recombination. This hole is excited by Coulomb interaction to an excited state yielding a photon energy that has been reduced with the difference between the ground state and the excited state of the spectator hole.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 59 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1523
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91491 (URN)978-91-7519-610-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-06-10, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-05-29 Created: 2013-04-25 Last updated: 2015-01-23Bibliographically approved

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