Comparative study of ZnO nanorods and thin films for chemical and biosensing applications and the development of ZnO nanorods based potentiometric strontium ion sensor
2013 (English)In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 268, 37-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, the comparative study of ZnO nanorods and ZnO thin films were performed regarding the chemical and biosensing properties and also ZnO nanorods based strontium ion sensor is proposed. ZnO nanorods were grown on gold coated glass substrates by the hydrothermal growth method and the ZnO thin films were deposited by electro deposition technique. ZnO nanorods and thin films were characterised by field emission electron microscopy [FESEM] and X-ray diffraction [XRD] techniques and this study has shown that the grown nanostructures are highly dense, uniform and exhibited good crystal quality. Moreover, transmission electron microscopy [TEM] was used to investigate the quality of ZnO thin film and we observed that ZnO thin film was comprised of nano clusters. ZnO nanorods and thin films were functionalised with selective strontium ionophore salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone [ST] membrane, galactose oxidase, and lactate oxidase for the detection of strontium ion, galactose and l-lactic acid, respectively. The electrochemical response of both ZnO nanorods and thin films sensor devices was measured by using the potentiometric method. The strontium ion sensor has exhibited good characteristics with a sensitivity of 28.65 +/- 0.52 mV/decade, for a wide range of concentrations from 1.00 x 10(-6) to 5.00 x 10(-2) M, selectivity, reproducibility, stability and fast response time of 10.00 s. The proposed strontium ion sensor was used as indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration of strontium ion versus ethylenediamine tetra acetic acid [EDTA]. This comparative study has shown that ZnO nanorods possessed better performance with high sensitivity and low limit of detection due to high surface area to volume ratio as compared to the flat surface of ZnO thin films.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2013. Vol. 268, 37-43 p.
ZnO nanorods, ZnO thin film, Immobilisation, Galactose oxidase, Lactate oxidase, Strontium ionophore, Potentiometric technique
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90674DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.11.141ISI: 000315330300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-90674DiVA: diva2:614191