Surface directed spinodal decomposition at TiAlN/TiN interfaces
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 113, no 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In contrast to the monolithic c-Ti1-xAlxN, the isostructural spinodal decomposition to c-AlN and c-TiN in c-Ti1-xAlxN/TiN multilayers has almost the same onset temperature for the compositions x = 0.50 and 0.66. Differential scanning calorimetry also shows that the decomposition initiates at a lower temperature compared to the monoliths with the same Al-content. Z-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy imaging reveals a decomposed structure of the multilayers at temperatures where the monoliths remain in solid solution. In the multilayers, the decomposition is initiated at the internal interfaces. The formation of an AlN-rich layer followed by a TiN-rich area parallel to the interface in the decomposed Ti0.34Al0.66N/TiN coating, as observed in atom probe tomography, is consistent with surface directed spinodal decomposition. Phase field simulations predict this behavior both in terms of microstructure evolution and kinetics. Here, we note that surface directed spinodal decomposition is affected by the as-deposited elemental fluctuations, coherency stresses, and alloy composition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP) , 2013. Vol. 113, no 11
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91340DOI: 10.1063/1.4795155ISI: 000316545200054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91340DiVA: diva2:617259
Funding Agencies|Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) project Designed Multicomponent Coatings (MultiFilms)||Swedish Research Council (VR)||Erasmus Mundus doctoral program DocMASE||EU|C/4-EFRE-13/2009/Br|DFG||federal state government of Saarland|INST 256/298-1 FUGG|2013-04-222013-04-222015-05-28