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Shortening the short-course therapy-insights into host immunity may contribute to new treatment strategies for tuberculosis
Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical Microbiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical Microbiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 273, no 4, 368-382 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schon T, Lerm M, Stendahl O (Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar; and Linkoping University, Linkoping; Sweden). Shortening the short-course therapy: insights into host immunity may contribute to newtreatment strategies for tuberculosis (Review). J Intern Med 2013; 273: 368-382. Achieving global control of tuberculosis (TB) is a great challenge considering the current increase in multidrug resistance and mortality rate. Considerable efforts are therefore being made to develop new effective vaccines, more effective and rapid diagnostic tools as well as new drugs. Shortening the duration of TB treatment with revised regimens and modes of delivery of existing drugs, as well as development of new antimicrobial agents and optimization of the host response with adjuvant immunotherapy could have a profound impact on TB cure rates. Recent data show that chronic worm infection and deficiencies in micronutrients such as vitamin D and arginine are potential areas of intervention to optimize host immunity. Nutritional supplementation to enhance nitric oxide production and vitamin D-mediated effector functions as well as the treatment of worm infection to reduce immunosuppressive effects of regulatory T (Treg) lymphocytes may be more suitable and accessible strategies for highly endemic areas than adjuvant cytokine therapy. In this review, we focus mainly on immune control of human TB, and discuss how current treatment strategies, including immunotherapy and nutritional supplementation, could be optimized to enhance the host response leading to more effective treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2013. Vol. 273, no 4, 368-382 p.
Keyword [en]
macrophage, nitric oxide, nutrition, tuberculosis, vitamin D
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91338DOI: 10.1111/joim.12031ISI: 000316631400007OAI: diva2:617262

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||Heart-Lung Foundation||Swedish International Development Agency||European developing countries clinical trial partnership (ED-CTP)||Swedish Society of Medicine||Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden||M&M Wallenberg Foundation||R Soderberg Foundation||B&M Gates Foundation||

Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2013-04-22

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ReferencesLink to record
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