Physiological and psychological stress reactivity in chronic tinnitus
2008 (English)In: Journal of behavioral medicine, ISSN 0160-7715, E-ISSN 1573-3521, Vol. 31, no 3, 179-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several models of tinnitus maintenance emphasize the importance of cognitive, emotional and psychophysiological processes. These factors contribute to distress in patients with decompensated tinnitus symptoms. We investigated whether tinnitus patients show increased physiological levels of arousal, more intense stress reactivity patterns and exaggerated psychological strain compared to healthy controls. Seventy tinnitus patients and 55 healthy controls underwent various stress tests. Muscular reactivity and peripheral arousal as well as strain ratings were assessed. Tinnitus patients reported significantly more strain during stress tests compared to healthy controls. Few physiological reactivity patterns differed significantly between the two groups. The physiological data thus only partly supported a hyperreactivity hypothesis. Strain reports and physiological data were only marginally correlated. Tinnitus patients show maladaptive appraisal processes during stress exposure, yet physiological reactivity is only slightly affected. Treatment programs for patients with decompensated tinnitus symptoms should account for appraisal processes and coping mechanisms in stressful situations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2008. Vol. 31, no 3, 179-188 p.
Chronic tinnitus, Stress reactivity, EMG, Biofeedback, Psychophysiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91415DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9145-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91415DiVA: diva2:617752