The influence of visual and somatosensory input on the vestibulo-oculomotor reflex of pigmented rats
1991 (English)In: Journal of Vestibular Research-Equilibrium & Orientation, ISSN 0957-4271, Vol. 1, no 3, 251-262 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Eye movements were recorded in the pigmented rat during vestibular, optokinetic and combined visual-vestibular stimulation. The dominant time constant in pigmented rats, tested during angular vestibular stimulation in darkness, is about two times longer than the cupular time constant. The gain and the duration of nystagmus, achieved by angular vestibular stimulation, can be enhanced by visual impulses. This is most evident during an optokinetic temporonasal stimulation, but is also seen with a nasotemporal stimulation. A mere optokinetic monocular stimulation without a synchronous vestibular excitation causes nystagmus only when the stimuli has a temporonasal direction. The duration of nystagmus, achieved by angular vestibular stimulation, is prolonged by disturbances of the neck proprioceptive system. This is more evident during a simultaneous visual input than in darkness. The ability to cancel nystagmus during conflicting vestibular and optokinetic impulses is well developed in the pigmented rat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1991. Vol. 1, no 3, 251-262 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91790PubMedID: 1670158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91790DiVA: diva2:619064