Strength analysis and modeling of hybrid composite-aluminum aircraft structures
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The current trend in aircraft design is to increase the proportion of fiber composites in the structures. Since many primary parts also are constructed using metals, the number of hybrid metal-composite structures is increasing. Such structures have traditionally often been avoided as an option because of the lack of methodology to handle the mismatch between the material properties. Composite and metal properties differ with respect to: thermal expansion, failure mechanisms, plasticity, sensitivity to load type, fatigue accumulation and scatter, impact resistance and residual strength, anisotropy, environmental sensitivity, density etc. Based on these differences, the materials are subject to different design and certification requirements. The issues that arise in certification of hybrid structures are: thermally induced loads, multiplicity of failure modes, damage tolerance, buckling and permanent deformations, material property scatter, significant load states etc. From the design point of view, it is a challenge to construct a weight optimal hybrid structure with the right material in the right place. With a growing number of hybrid structures, these problems need to be addressed. The purpose of the current research is to assess the strength, durability and thermo-mechanical behavior of a hybrid composite-aluminum wing structure by testing and analysis. The work performed in this thesis focuses on the analysis part of the research and is divided into two parts. In the first part, the theoretical framework and the background are outlined.Significant material properties, aircraft certification aspects and the modeling framework are discussed.In the second part, two papers are appended. In the first paper, the interaction of composite and aluminum, and their requirements profiles,is examined in conceptual studies of the wing structure. The influence of the hybrid structure constitution and requirement profiles on the mass, strength, fatigue durability, stability and thermo-mechanical behavior is considered. Based on the conceptual studies, a hybrid concept to be used in the subsequent structural testing is chosen. The second paper focuses on the virtual testing of the wing structure. In particular, the local behavior of hybrid fastener joints is modeled in detail usingthe finite element method, and the result is then incorporated into a global model using line elements. Damage accumulation and failure behavior of the composite material are given special attention. Computations of progressive fastener failure in the experimental setup are performed. The analysis results indicate the critical features of the hybrid wing structure from static, fatigue, damage tolerance and thermo-mechanical points of view.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. , 54 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1590
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91894Local ID: LIU–TEK–LIC–2013:24ISBN: 978-91-7519-628-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91894DiVA: diva2:619506
2013-05-24, Hus A, plan 3, föreläsningssal A35, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Gradin, Per, Professor
Nilsson, Larsgunnar, Professor
List of papers