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Sharing Mission Experience in Tactical Organisations
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2012 (English)In: ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings. Book of Papers. 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] Leon Rothkrantz, Jozef Ristvej and Zeno Franco, ISCRAM , 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A tactical organisation can be seen as an adhocracy designed to perform missions in uncertain, ambiguous and complex environments. Flexibility, adaptability, resilience, innovation, creativity and improvisation have all been identified as key skills for successful outcome of these missions. To learn skills associated with such abilities previous research has shown that knowledge acquired through experience plays an important role. It is therefore important that individuals, teams and organisations share and learn from experiences to improve their ability to cope with novel situations. In literature there is a lack of consistency in how these abilities are discussed, we therefore propose the FAIRIC model to help define and differentiate between the concepts. By unravelling some of the similarities and differences we create a common vocabulary to discuss knowledge gained from experience. This can help classify different experiences and provide a more systematic way of gathering knowledge on situational factors that influence the success of different actions and more unified interpretations that can assist design of knowledge representations to share mission experience over boundaries of time and space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ISCRAM , 2012.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91985ISBN: 978-0-86491-332-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91985DiVA: diva2:619895
Conference
The 9th International ISCRAM Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, April 22-25, Vancouver, Canada
Available from: 2013-05-07 Created: 2013-05-07 Last updated: 2013-05-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Organizations for humanitarian assistance, disaster response and military activities are characterized by their special role in society to resolve time-constrained and potentially life-threatening situations. The tactical missions that these organizations conduct regularly are significantly dynamic in character, and sometimes impossible to fully comprehend and predict. In these situations, when control becomes opportunistic, the organizations are forced to rely on the collective experience of their personnel to respond effectively to the unfolding threats. Generating such experience through traditional means of training, exercising and apprenticeship, is expensive, time-consuming, and difficult to manage.

This thesis explores how and why mission experience should be utilized in emergency management and military organizations to improve performance. A multimedia approach for capturing mission experience has further been tested in two case studies to determine how the commanders’ experiences can be externalized to enable vicarious learning. These studies propose a set of technical, methodological, and ethical issues that need to be considered when externalizing mission experience, based on two aforementioned case studies complemented by a literature review. The presented outcomes are (1) a model aligning abilities that tactical organizations need when responding to dynamic situations of different familiarity, (2) a review of the usefulness of several different data sources for externalization of commanders’ experiences from tactical operations, and (3) a review of methodological, technical, and ethical issues to consider when externalizing tactical military and emergency management operations. The results presented in this thesis indicate that multimedia approaches for capturing mission histories can indeed complement training and exercising as a method for generating valuable experience from tactical missions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 72 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1582
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90727 (URN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Local ID)978-91-7519-660-2 (ISBN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Archive number)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (OAI)
Presentation
2013-05-31, Alan Turing, Hus E, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

This work has been supported by the Swedish Defense Research Agency, the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (formerly the Swedish Rescue Services Agency and the Swedish Emergency Management Agency) and Forum Securitatis.

Available from: 2013-05-07 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2015-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, DennisRankin, Amy

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf