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Reconstruction and Exploration of Large-scale Distributed Operations – Multimedia tools for Evaluation of Emergency Management Response
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4677-1949
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1543-5865, Vol. 6, no 4, 31-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents an approach for computer-supported reconstruction and exploration (R&E) of distributed tactical operations. The approach involves several steps for constructing a time-synchronized, event-driven multimedia model of the course of events collected from multiple sources in the operational environment and visualizes this model in the F-REX Studio multimedia suite. In this study, the use of R&E and F-REX is explored in large-scale emergency management exercises. The approach’s possibilities, limitations, and needs for modification are first outlined followed by a comparison to traditional quantitative and qualitative data collection methods applied in the same context. It is found that the R&E approach in combination with F-REX has several advantages in relation to the other methods, in terms of avoiding problems of retrospection and in being able to provide an overview of the entire operation based on multiple perspectives—addressing the question “why” something happened rather than “what happened.” Correctly used, multimedia-supported R&E can thereby be used for more solid evaluations of large-scale emergency management exercises and operations, thus contributing to more effective handling of future crises. Keywords: reconstruction & exploration, distributed tactical operations, emergency management, evaluation, computer technology

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 6, no 4, 31-47 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91987OAI: diva2:619901
Available from: 2013-05-07 Created: 2013-05-07 Last updated: 2015-09-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mission Experience: How to Model and Capture it to Enable Vicarious Learning
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Organizations for humanitarian assistance, disaster response and military activities are characterized by their special role in society to resolve time-constrained and potentially life-threatening situations. The tactical missions that these organizations conduct regularly are significantly dynamic in character, and sometimes impossible to fully comprehend and predict. In these situations, when control becomes opportunistic, the organizations are forced to rely on the collective experience of their personnel to respond effectively to the unfolding threats. Generating such experience through traditional means of training, exercising and apprenticeship, is expensive, time-consuming, and difficult to manage.

This thesis explores how and why mission experience should be utilized in emergency management and military organizations to improve performance. A multimedia approach for capturing mission experience has further been tested in two case studies to determine how the commanders’ experiences can be externalized to enable vicarious learning. These studies propose a set of technical, methodological, and ethical issues that need to be considered when externalizing mission experience, based on two aforementioned case studies complemented by a literature review. The presented outcomes are (1) a model aligning abilities that tactical organizations need when responding to dynamic situations of different familiarity, (2) a review of the usefulness of several different data sources for externalization of commanders’ experiences from tactical operations, and (3) a review of methodological, technical, and ethical issues to consider when externalizing tactical military and emergency management operations. The results presented in this thesis indicate that multimedia approaches for capturing mission histories can indeed complement training and exercising as a method for generating valuable experience from tactical missions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 72 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1582
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90727 (URN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Local ID)978-91-7519-660-2 (print) (ISBN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (Archive number)LiU-Tek-Lic-2013:16 (OAI)
2013-05-31, Alan Turing, Hus E, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)

This work has been supported by the Swedish Defense Research Agency, the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (formerly the Swedish Rescue Services Agency and the Swedish Emergency Management Agency) and Forum Securitatis.

Available from: 2013-05-07 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2015-08-19Bibliographically approved

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