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Methods for the quantification of GHG emissions at the landscape level for developing countries in smallholder contexts
Colorado State University, CO USA.
World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF, Kenya.
World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF, Kenya.
Michigan State University ,MI, USA.
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2013 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Landscape scale quantification enables farmers to pool resources and expertise. However, the problem remains of how to quantify these gains. This article considers current greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification methods that can be used in a landscape scale analysis in terms of relevance to areas dominated by smallholders in developing countries. In landscape scale carbon accounting frameworks, measurements are an essential element. Sampling strategies need careful design to account for all pools/fluxes and to ensure judicious use of resources. Models can be used to scale-up measurements and fill data gaps. In recent years a number of accessible models and calculators have been developed which can be used at the landscape scale in developing country areas. Some are based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) method and others on dynamic ecosystem models. They have been developed for a range of different purposes and therefore vary in terms of accuracy and usability. Landscape scale assessments of GHGs require a combination of ground sampling, use of data from census, remote sensing (RS) or other sources and modelling. Fitting of all of these aspects together needs to be performed carefully to minimize uncertainties and maximize the use of scarce resources. This is especially true in heterogeneous landscapes dominated by smallholders in developing countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals / Institute of Physics (IoP) , 2013. Vol. 8, no 1
Keyword [en]
landscape, smallholder agriculture, greenhouse gas, climate change mitigation
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-92710DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015019ISI: 000316998300082OAI: diva2:621643
Available from: 2013-05-16 Created: 2013-05-16 Last updated: 2015-06-02

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Ostwald, Madelene
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Department of Water and Environmental StudiesFaculty of Arts and SciencesCentre for Climate Science and Policy Research
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